Canada States 2023

Whether or whether Canada is divided into individual states is a semantically nebulous topic. While the United States, Germany, Mexico, Brazil, Canada, and India all have states, Canada does not exist in the strictest sense.




This is likely because the Canadian government uses a different title (two terms, in fact). There are 13 administrative divisions within Canada (10 provinces and 3 territories), equal to individual states except for the last two.

The 13 States (Provinces and Territories) of Canada:

NameType
AlbertaProvince
British ColombiaProvince
ManitobaProvince
New BrunswickProvince
Newfoundland and LabradorProvince
Northwest TerritoriesTerritory
Nova ScotiaProvince
NunavutTerritory
OntarioProvince
Prince Edward IslandProvince
QuebecProvince
SaskatchewanProvince
YukonTerritory

Explaining the distinction between provinces and territories in Canada

Canada States 2022

What are the distinctions between Canadian territories and provinces? The allocation of political power and authority is where the two systems diverge.




Provinces, like American states, derive their capacity to rule from the Constitution Act of 1867 and are therefore seen as co-sovereign units with considerable autonomy.

In contrast, territories only have the power and duty the Canadian federal government gives them. However, the Canadian federal government has made efforts in recent years to give territories additional autonomy, and this trend is anticipated to continue.

Also See: Brazil States 2022

According to land mass, Quebec is the biggest province while Prince Edward Island is the smallest. With almost 14 million residents, Ontario far surpasses any other province in terms of population.

The population of Prince Edward Island, the smallest, is a little over 100,000. By 2021, the combined populations of Canada’s provinces had reached over 37 million people.

Next, we have the Northwest Territories, Yukon, and Nunavut. The biggest of the three in terms of landmass is Nunavut, although the Northwest Territories has the most residents. In 2021, the combined population of all Canadian territories was a little under 119,000.




NameTypeJoined2021 PopulationArea kmĀ²Official Language(s)
AlbertaProvince9/1/19054262635661848English
British ColombiaProvince7/20/18715000879944735English
ManitobaProvince7/15/18701342153647797English
New BrunswickProvince7/1/186777561072908French and English
Newfoundland and LabradorProvince3/31/1949510550405212English
Nova ScotiaProvince7/1/186796938355284English
OntarioProvince7/1/1867142239421076395English
Prince Edward IslandProvince7/1/18731543315660English
QuebecProvince7/1/186785018331542056French
SaskatchewanProvince9/1/19051132505651036English
Northwest TerritoriesTerritory7/15/1870410701346106French, English, nine First Nations languages
NunavutTerritory4/1/1999368582093190French, English, Inuktitut, Inuinnaqtun
YukonTerritory6/13/189840232482443French and English




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