The colonial government established countries whose borders were so arbitrarily drawn that people groupings were estranged from one another.
The consequences for traditional and indigenous cultures were catastrophically negative.
Many of the long-running hostilities in Africa today, such as the battles in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, are the result of colonialism’s legacy. Many African nations’ administrations are notoriously corrupt, and genocides, such as those in Rwanda and Sudan, continue to take place despite international pressure.
One success tale, on the other hand, is that of South Africa.
A policy of apartheid was implemented in South Africa after the end of Dutch colonial authority, ensuring that black Africans had minimal rights and that whites who lived in the country enjoyed lifestyles of affluence and status.
Fortunately, the fall of apartheid and the victory of Nelson Mandela demonstrated that African countries were capable of recovering from the scars of colonial rule.
Today, however, there are still enormous discrepancies between whites and blacks in South Africa, and many black people live in abject poverty.
African nations now have some of the lowest human development indices (HDIs) in the world, with some of the lowest in the world being in South Africa.
Nearly all of the 30 nations with the lowest Human Development Indexes, according to the United Nations, are in Africa; the only country not on the list is Somalia, which is regarded as a failed state and is one of the poorest and most dangerous locations on the planet.
Africa, on the other hand, is plentiful in natural resources and hardworking people; what is holding the continent back are corrupt governments and ongoing conflicts that have emerged as a result of the removal of colonial powers from the region’s political landscape.
Africa is not impoverished, but rather underdeveloped and badly governed.
Geographically speaking, Africa is dominated by the Sahara Desert, which is the world’s biggest desert and is rising in size as a result of global environmental degradation.
Located in Sudan and Egypt, the Nile River is said to be the world’s longest river
It is the longest river in the world.
Africa is home to huge savannahs and woods, yet the continent is deforested at a rate double that of the rest of the world.
Large land mammals like elephants, giraffes, and rhinoceroses are at risk of extinction due to human poaching practices.
Because a large portion of the continent is destitute and governed by corrupt governments, international cooperation is required to address the environmental catastrophe on the continent.
The African Union, which was established in 2001 and currently comprises all 55 African countries, may be seen as a counterpart to the European Union in many ways.
It has helped to develop links between African countries, and it aims to continue to fight to reduce poverty and put a stop to human rights violations.
One significant example of African success is the fact that, during the Congolese civil war, neighboring African nations, rather than Western countries, have intervened and attempted to foster peace and reconciliation in the country.
Africa will grow even more empowered as a result of aid from international organizations in their efforts to elevate themselves out of poverty and handle the environmental crisis.