Continents in the world

Continents by Size

The largest continent in the world is Asia which covers 17212,000 acres (44,579,000 acres). Asia is home to around 30.0 percent of the planet’s total landmass.

Africa is the second largest continent, with 10.58,000 square miles (30,065,000 square kilometers) of land. It makes up 20.3 percent of the planet’s total land surface.

Below is the rest of the continents starting from the second largest to smallest land area:

  1. North America – 9,365,000 sq. mi. (24,256,000 sq. km)
  2. South America – 6,880,000 sq. mi. (17,819,000 sq. km)
  3. Antarctica – 5,100,000 sq. mi. (13,209,000 sq. km)
  4. Europe – 3,837,000 sq. mi (9,938,000 sq. km)
  5. Australia/Oceania – 2,968,000 sq. mi. (7,687,000 sq. km)

As of 2017, the world’s population has grown to more than 7.5 billion people, who lived in the populated continents of Africa, North and South America, Asia, Europe, and Australia/Oceania, among other regions. Asia, which includes the world’s two most populous countries – China and India – is the largest continent by far, with an overall population of more than 4.5 billion people. It is also the most populated region on the planet.

Australia/Oceania is the smallest continent and home to around 40 million people. Australia/Oceania is an excellent example of how complex it can be to define a continent. This continent often includes the subregions Polynesia and Micronesia. It can also include the entire region between the Americas, Asia, and Europe. If these regions are not included, the population falls to below 30 million.

Notably, in 2017, only Southern and Eastern Europe showed negative growth rates. Southern Europe had a growth rate of -0.12%, while Eastern Europe experienced a growth rate of -0.15%. Europe has seen a modest increase in the population of 0.08%.

This is the lowest growth rate among the inhabited continents. However, Western Europe still has a high population density at 178.31/sq km. However, the population growth rates in all regions of Africa are significant, with an average increase of 2.5-3% across Central and Eastern Africa 

What are the 7 Continents of the World?

Africa and The Americas, Antarctica, Asia, Australia, together with Oceania and Europe are thought of as continents.

The term “continent” is used to denote the various land areas of Earth in which the earth’s surface is divided. The term is used to refer to the “mountain top” areas of Earth that are not submerged by water dry land.

The depth of the surrounding water ultimately determines the contour and boundaries of continents. More water means less land and different shapes. In addition, more water, such as that which is stored as ice in glaciers and poles or glaciers, could mean that you reside on a water-based planet without continents.

So the definition of a continent is “a large, continuous piece in the land of Earth. The various continents of Earth together constitute approximately one-third of the surface of the Earth. It is a fact that more than two-thirds of the planet’s surfaces are covered with water.

The landmasses of Earth aren’t evenly distributed. two-thirds of the landmass is on the Northern Hemisphere (the upper half of the world north of the Equator). What is the reason for this? It could be the result of our present point in the geological timescale because, some millennia ago, the majority of the earth’s landmass was located in the Southern Hemisphere

On Earth, 71% of the land and just 29% of the total area is covered by water. In truth, Pangaea, landmasses that once included all seven continents, formed billions of years ago.

But thanks to tectonic plates, they slowly broke apart and split apart. Research shows that Europe and North America are also still drifting away at a 7-centimeter-per-year rate.

These are the seven continents as typically defined:

ContinentApproximate areaHighest pointLowest point
Africa11,608,000 square miles (30,065,000 sq km)Mount Kilimanjaro, Tanzania: 19,340 feet (5,895 m)Lake Assal, Djibouti: 512 feet (156 m) below sea level
Antarctica5,100,000 square miles (13,209,000 sq km)Vinson Massif: 16,066 feet (4,897 m)Ice covering: 8,327 feet (2,538 m) below sea level
Asia (Includes the Middle East)17,212,000 square miles (44,579,000 sq km)Mount Everest, bordering China and Nepal: 29,035 feet (8,850 m)The Dead Sea, bordering Israel and Jordan: 1,349 feet (411 m) below sea level
Australia (includes Oceania)3,132,000 square miles (8,112,000 sq km)Mount Kosciusko, Australia: 7,316 feet (2,228 m)Lake Eyre, Australia: 52 feet (16 m) below sea level
Europe (The Ural Mountains divide Europe from Asia)3,837,000 square miles (9,938,000 sq km)Mount Elbrus, bordering Russia and Georgia: 18,510 feet (5,642 m)The Caspian Sea, bordering Russia and Kazakhstan: 92 feet (28 m) below sea level
North America (Includes Central America and the Caribbean)9,449,000 square miles (24,474,000 sq km)Mount McKinley, Alaska, U.S.: 20,320 feet (6,194 m)Death Valley, California, U.S.: 282 feet (86 m) below sea level
South America6,879,000 square miles (17,819,000 sq km)Mount Aconcagua, Argentina: 22,834 feet (6,960 m)Valdes Peninsula, Argentina: 131 feet (40 m) below sea level


Africa is the world’s second-largest continent with 11,508,000 square miles (30,065,000 square kilometers) of land, making up 20.3% of the Earth’s total land area.

Africa is the world’s second-largest continent, behind Asia, in terms of land area. Its geography remained inhospitable and unknown for thousands of years, garnering it the nickname “Dark Continent” (meaning “dark continent” in English).

Africa is home to the Nile, the world’s longest river, as well as the Sahara, the world’s most extensive desert. Ethiopia is the hotter nation on the planet, and it is located in Africa.

This continent, which is positioned in the center of the equator, receives direct sunshine throughout the year and has a tropical climate.

According to research, Africa is where Homo sapiens first appeared before spreading to the rest of the world’s continents through migration.

More than half of the world’s gold and more than 95 percent of the world’s diamonds originate from Africa, which is known for its mineral riches.

In addition, the Dark Continent contributes 66 percent of the world’s cocoa production.

The cheetah, the African elephant, the lion, the zebra, the Egyptian mongoose, the giraffe, and the addax are just a few of the remarkable animals that can be found in Africa.

There are 55 sovereign states in Africa today, despite the fact that there are hundreds of people groupings, many of whom speak their own languages, have their own customs and cultures, and believe themselves to be countries in their own right.

Africa is best defined now as being separated into two geographical areas.

North Africa is located north of the Sahara desert; its countries are overwhelmingly Muslim, and the majority of the population speaks Arabic as a first language.

Sub-Saharan Africa is located south of the Sahara desert and, while it has a large Muslim population, it also contains considerable communities of Christians and adherents of other religions.

Sub-Saharan Africa is divided into three regions: the Sahel, the Sahara Desert, and the Sahara Desert.

Africa, out of all the seven continents, was the one that suffered the most from colonization.

A large number of Africans were kidnapped and taken to North America to labor on plantations as a result of the slave trade.

Countries such as Belgium, France, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom controlled their own countries in such a way that the people were compelled to serve the government and the state.

2022 Population
DR Congo95,240,792
South Africa60,756,135
Ivory Coast27,742,298
Burkina Faso22,102,838

The colonial government established countries whose borders were so arbitrarily drawn that people groupings were estranged from one another.

The consequences for traditional and indigenous cultures were catastrophically negative.

Many of the long-running hostilities in Africa today, such as the battles in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, are the result of colonialism’s legacy. Many African nations’ administrations are notoriously corrupt, and genocides, such as those in Rwanda and Sudan, continue to take place despite international pressure.

One success tale, on the other hand, is that of South Africa.

A policy of apartheid was implemented in South Africa after the end of Dutch colonial authority, ensuring that black Africans had minimal rights and that whites who lived in the country enjoyed lifestyles of affluence and status.

Fortunately, the fall of apartheid and the victory of Nelson Mandela demonstrated that African countries were capable of recovering from the scars of colonial rule.

Today, however, there are still enormous discrepancies between whites and blacks in South Africa, and many black people live in abject poverty.

African nations now have some of the lowest human development indices (HDIs) in the world, with some of the lowest in the world being in South Africa.

Nearly all of the 30 nations with the lowest Human Development Indexes, according to the United Nations, are in Africa; the only country not on the list is Somalia, which is regarded as a failed state and is one of the poorest and most dangerous locations on the planet.

Africa, on the other hand, is plentiful in natural resources and hardworking people; what is holding the continent back are corrupt governments and ongoing conflicts that have emerged as a result of the removal of colonial powers from the region’s political landscape.

Africa is not impoverished, but rather underdeveloped and badly governed.

Geographically speaking, Africa is dominated by the Sahara Desert, which is the world’s biggest desert and is rising in size as a result of global environmental degradation.

Located in Sudan and Egypt, the Nile River is said to be the world’s longest river 

It is the longest river in the world.

Africa is home to huge savannahs and woods, yet the continent is deforested at a rate double that of the rest of the world.

Large land mammals like elephants, giraffes, and rhinoceroses are at risk of extinction due to human poaching practices.

Because a large portion of the continent is destitute and governed by corrupt governments, international cooperation is required to address the environmental catastrophe on the continent.

The African Union, which was established in 2001 and currently comprises all 55 African countries, may be seen as a counterpart to the European Union in many ways.

It has helped to develop links between African countries, and it aims to continue to fight to reduce poverty and put a stop to human rights violations.

One significant example of African success is the fact that, during the Congolese civil war, neighboring African nations, rather than Western countries, have intervened and attempted to foster peace and reconciliation in the country.

Africa will grow even more empowered as a result of aid from international organizations in their efforts to elevate themselves out of poverty and handle the environmental crisis.


The world’s largest continent is Asia, which spans over 17,212,000 square miles (44,579,000 square kilometers). Asia comprises about 30.0% of the Earth’s total land area.

Asia is the world’s largest continent, both in terms of area and population and the most populous of the seven continents.

In terms of area, Asia occupies one-third of the planet’s surface. It has 30 percent of the world’s land area and 60 percent of the world’s population, making it the most populous country.

Russian Federation, the largest country on Earth, as well as China and India, the two most populated countries on the planet, are all located inside which stands at 29,028 feet (8,848 meters) above sea level, is located in Asia.

The continent is home to eleven of the world’s tallest mountains, including the highest point on the planet, Mount Everest.

The Great Wall of China is the only man-made structure visible from space, and it is the tallest in the world.

In Asia, two great ancient civilizations rose to prominence: the Harappan civilization and the Chinese civilization. Hinduism, Islam, Buddhism, and Christianity are all religions that have their roots in Asia.

This continent is the biggest of the seven, with 30 percent of the earth’s surface mass and 60 percent of its inhabitants. It is also the most populous of the continents.

A connection with the largest landmass of Europe may be established by a series of mountains in Russia and the Bosphorus, which cuts through Turkey, which serves as a sort of border between the two continents. Turkey and Russia are the only two countries that are divided between Europe and Asia.

Additionally, Asia has a border with North Africa through the areas of Egypt that are shared by Israel, Palestine, Jordan, and Saudi Arabia.

There are several big areas inside Asia. In the Middle East, which runs from Turkey to Saudi Arabia and is dominated by Sunni Islam and the Arabic language, there are also a large number of Christians, Jews, and adherents of other religions, as well as speakers of other languages who reside there. Central Asia stretches from Iran all the way to the Indian border.

Despite the fact that India is considered a separate territory, it has many characteristics, including parallels in culture and politics, with the neighboring nations that were formed out of it – Pakistan and Bangladesh.

East Asia is home to countries that are vast, prominent, and strong, such as Mongolia, China, South Korea, and Japan.

Southeast Asia is home to a large number of coastal and island nations, including Myanmar, Thailand, the Philippines, and Indonesia, to name a few.

2022 Population
South Korea51,329,899
Saudi Arabia35,844,909
North Korea25,990,679
Sri Lanka21,575,842
United Arab Emirates10,081,785


Europe and Asia are separated by the Ural Mountains and the Caspian Sea, although they are also part of the same vast continent.

Europe is the highest point on this continent and is the highest peak in the world. There are several huge mountain ranges in Europe, the most notable being the Balkans, Pyrenees, Apennines, Cantabrian, and Dinaric Alps, to name just a few.

Country2022 Population
United Kingdom68,497,907
Czech Republic10,736,784
Bosnia And Herzegovina3,249,317

The Vatican City, the world’s smallest state, is located in the European Union (EU).

Europe’s major rivers, including the Danube, Elbe, Loire, Oder, Dnieper, and Don, are all located in central and eastern Europe. The Trans-Siberian Railway in Europe, which runs from St Petersburg in the west to Vladivostok in the eastern, is the world’s longest train line.

The Ukrainian Steppe region is referred to as the ‘World’s Granary’ or the ‘World’s Bread Basket’ because of its abundance of grain and bread. The city of Moscow is renowned as the ‘Port of Five Seas,’ because it has waterways that connect it to five different bodies of water.

Approximately three-quarters of the world’s potatoes are cultivated in Europe. The Volga River is the longest river in Europe.

Europe has the second-smallest landmass (after Australia) among the seven continents, yet its people and culture have had a greater impact on the whole globe than those from any other continent.

It has around 50 sovereign nations, albeit two of them (Russia and Turkey) is located in both Europe and Asia; Armenia, although being a member of numerous European treaties, is really located in Asia; and Kazakhstan is located in both Europe and Asia.

In terms of size, the smallest nation in Luxembourg, which measures just 11 miles across; in terms of size, Russia is the largest, crossing 11 time zones!

In Europe, there are lots of peninsulas and mountain ranges, like the Alps and the Apennines.

In contrast to the warm Mediterranean coastline to the south, Scandinavia’s frozen tundra is mainly cool and temperate, whereas the rest of Europe is mostly cool temperatures.

Russian Federation’s biggest city is Moscow, which has a population of about 16 million people, and the Volga River, which is the country’s longest river, passes through the country near the Asian border.

North America

North America is the only continent with five zones and every type of climate, unique among continents.

North America is also called the “New World” and was named after the adventurer Americo Vespucci, who discovered the continent.

There are 22.9 persons per square kilometer of land area in the continent, making it the most densely populated of the seven continents.

Lake Superior, the world’s biggest freshwater lake, may be found among North America’s Great Lakes. The Mississippi River (3778 kilometers) is the third-longest river globally.

When comparing the average per-person incomes of the continents, North America has the highest average per-person income.

The United States of America is located in North America, and it is the world’s largest economy. Corn, wheat, and soybeans are the major crops grown in North America, the world’s largest supplier.

Cuba is the world’s most significant exporter of sugar on the seven continents, giving it the nickname “Sugar Bowl of the World.” Cuba is located in North America and is the world’s largest exporter of sugar.

There are seven continents globally, and North America is the third-largest of them.

Besides Canada, the United States of America, and Mexico, it also has three other countries: the United Kingdom Alaska’s the Aleutian Islands, which are close to the border with Russia, down to the tiny Isthmus of Panama, and to Greenland off the east coast of Canada, are all part of the area.

Most volcanoes are in North America, both in Central America and in the Pacific Northwest, part of the ring of fire.

Even Yellowstone National Park is thought to be a supervolcano. If it erupted, the devastation would spread across a large continent.

They both have a lot of deserts and subtropical and tropical rainforests, which is why they’re called that. These rainforests aren’t tropical, so they live in colder places.

No cultural force has had as significant an impact on North America as immigration.

The political debates about letting immigrants into the U.S. aren’t the only reason this is true. Immigrants took over the native peoples of the U.S. and Canada and took over their land so they could build their settlements there.

Before Christopher Columbus set sail in 1492, the Iroquois, Algonquin, Cherokee, and Taino were some Native American tribes that lived on the continent. This was 500 years after Leif Erikson discovered North America.

Most people who came to the United States to start new cultures came from Western Europe, like the United Kingdom, Spain, Ireland, and the Netherlands, but not everyone.

The slave trade had a significant impact on the cultures of North America.

Many settlers and their descendants used enslaved people to do hard work on large plantations, which led to industries like cotton, sugarcane, and tobacco. People in the United States and Canada could trade with Europe thanks to these businesses.

The enslaved people’s cultures from Africa haven’t completely gone away.

Many of the things that make American culture, like jazz and barbecue, came from traditions that the enslaved people brought from West Africa to the United States when they were brought here.

There are a lot of different immigrant groups that have made North American culture what it is today. This is called a “melting pot.” Because most of the person’s ancestors were Irish, they might have cultural traits from people who live in places like West Africa or East Asia, and they don’t share many things with people who are Irish in Ireland.

Immigrants are still having an impact on the culture in North America.

Today, women wearing hijabs (headscarves), men wearing turbans, and other religious clothing that doesn’t come from the West are becoming more common in the United States.

2022 Population
United States334,805,269
Dominican Republic11,056,370
El Salvador6,550,389
Costa Rica5,182,354
Puerto Rico2,829,812
Trinidad And Tobago1,406,585
Saint Lucia185,113
Saint Vincent And the Grenadines111,551
United States Virgin Islands103,971
Antigua And Barbuda99,509
Cayman Islands67,277

South America

The River System in South America is the world’s biggest river by volume and the second-longest river in terms of length (6440 km). This continent is host to Angel Falls, the tallest waterfalls on the planet.

South America is also home to the green anaconda, the world’s most giant and second-longest snake, also the world’s largest and second-longest snake. Mt. Cotopaxi and Mt. Chimborazo, two of the world’s tallest volcanoes, are located on the continent of South America.

Brazil, the world’s largest coffee producer, is located in South America and is the world’s largest consumer of coffee.

The Portuguese and Spanish languages are the most widely spoken on this continent, followed by French and German.

Lake Titicaca is the highest lake globally (3,800 meters above sea level) and the biggest lake in South America.

The Andes are the world’s second-highest mountain range, behind the Himalayas, located in South America. These mountains are found in South America, known as “young-fold mountains.”

2022 Population
French Guiana314,169
Falkland Islands3,539

The region is Latin America since Mexico and Central America have the same cultural heritage.

Latin America is typically understood to relate to Spanish-speaking countries. However, it is highly varied, with many other languages spoken.

Brazil’s primary language is Portuguese, whereas Argentina, Chile, and Venezuela have distinct Spanish dialects. Many indigenous people groups still speak their ancestral languages throughout Latin America, including Maya, Aztec, and Inca descendants.

A number of Caribbean islands, including the Greater and Lesser Antilles, are part of South America. These peoples undoubtedly have more in common with Latin Americans in terms of culture.

Latin America was once home to vibrant indigenous civilizations, including the Olmecs, Aztecs, Maya, and Incas. Conquerors like Hernando Cortes (Mexico) and Francisco Pizarro (Peru) arrived in the sixteenth century and began conquering indigenous peoples. Their civilizations crumbled, and their cultures faded.

Latin American cultures nowadays are a combination of indigenous traditions and foreign influences. For example, traveling to Ecuador or Chile, you might see indigenous crafts like basket weaving and ceramics, but the patterns and motifs may be heavily affected by Spanish or British culture.

Many festivals and feast days have indigenous origins — Da de Los Muertos, for example, has Aztec and Mayan roots.

While most Latin Americans speak a European language (often Spanish or Portuguese) and follow European traditions, there are several indigenous communities.

For example, the Nahua in Mexico is Aztec descendants, while numerous Inca descendants live in Ecuador, Peru, and Chile.

The steep mountains that span these countries have kept traditional modes of life more intact, as linking mountain communities and metropolitan towns are difficult. Some indigenous tribes, notably in the Amazon Rainforest, have yet to be contacted.

Latin America’s geography has helped indigenous cultures survive, yet many natural wonders, notably the American Rainforest, are endangered.

Satellite photographs show the destruction of the rainforest, which is dangerous because the rainforest contains one-third of the world’s biodiversity. Indigenous peoples living in the jungle constantly pressure the Brazilian government to conserve the area. In specific locations, deforestation is rising.

Others are working with NGOs to safeguard what remains of the rainforest and begin healing the damage.


There is a country named Oceania, and it is the biggest country on the continent of Australia. Some have proposed renaming the continent Meganesia (“big continent”) or “Australinea” to separate it from the country to make a distinction between the two. Australia is the smallest of the seven continents in terms of land area.

It encompasses the countries of Australia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, and various parts of the Indonesian archipelago, among other things (known as West Papua).

Australia is a continent that straddles the line between the two extremes in terms of both culture and geography.

As a contrast to the famed Outback, the Great Barrier Reef stands out, and the uncontacted tribal tribes of West Papua and Papua New Guinea stand out against the heavily Westernized culture of the country of Australia.

The indigenous people groups are known as “aborigines” were the first to settle in Australia. The United Kingdom established Australia primarily as a penal colony, which meant that it served as a massive prison because London’s cells were overcrowded.

Unfortunately, many of the original aborigine groups are already extinct, and their languages and customs will be lost forever. Australia now has its parliament and constitution, but the British queen, Queen Elizabeth II, remains at the country’s helm.

Because of the strong European impact on indigenous, oceanic people, modern Australia features some of the most varied, multicultural cities globally, such as Sydney and Melbourne.

More than 250 languages are spoken in Sydney, and 60 percent of the population is not fluent in English. The aboriginal peoples of Australia must battle for their rights in the face of such variety and Western influence. They are prohibited from entering the sacred spot of Ayers Rock, which visitors paradoxically frequent.

In contrast to Australia’s industrialization, Papua New Guinea and West Papua contain some of the world’s most isolated ethnic groups. In West Papua, there are around 44 uncontacted people groups.

While the number of Australians live in big cities, just around a fifth of the population of Papua New Guinea resides in cities. They mainly live in rural areas and follow traditional lifestyles.

New Zealand is a highly developed country with many characteristics with Australia, such as being highly Westernized and urbanized yet having a sizable indigenous population.

New Zealand is sometimes mistakenly classified as belonging to the Oceania area rather than Australia. However, many geographers and historians consider Oceania to be a part of Australia.

The Papuan islands have regular monsoon seasons, while much of the Australian continent is tropical. While the islands are mostly covered with rainforests, much of Australia is a desert known as the Outback.

Climate change has had a profound impact on Australia. Summers that are already hot and dry have gotten so hot and dry in recent years that wildfires have threatened to burn significant swaths of the country.

Because of changes in the water, the Great Barrier Reef, one of the world’s biological wonders, is perilously near to extinction.

2022 Population
Papua New Guinea9,292,169
New Zealand4,898,203
Solomon Islands721,159
New Caledonia290,915
French Polynesia284,164
Marshall Islands60,057
Northern Mariana Islands58,269
American Samoa55,030
Cook Islands17,571
Wallis And Futuna10,982

In demographics, the world population is the total number of humans currently living, and was estimated to have exceeded 7.9 billion people till November 2021.

How many people are in the world 2021?

 Year – Till 2021

7.9 Billion

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