Montenegro, meaning Black Mountain, is considered Europe’s most beautiful country. It borders Croatia, Bosnia, Serbia, the province of Kosovo in Serbia, and Albania.
It is actually between Asia and Europe. It is 13,812 square kilometers and has a population of 670,000. It is a big difference between how small it is and how much it has contributed to the world’s cultural heritage. Montenegro’s primary languages are Serbian and its language.
Montenegro Is Home To UNESCO World Heritage Sites
National Park of Durmitor
Durmitor National Park is in the Dinaric Alps, also called the Dinarids. It was created in 1952 and is in the northern part of Montenegro. It has many different landscapes because glaciers, rivers, and underground streams have changed the land.
There are 50 peaks in the park that are higher than 2,000 meters above sea level. Bobotov, which is 2,525m above sea level, is the tallest peak. Many people go to the park for climbing, hiking, canoeing, and mountaineering.
The park has also been home to farmers and shepherds. It has a wide range of plants and animals.
The brown bear, the European wild cat, and the grey wolf are all large mammals that live in Dormitory National Park. The dormitory is also home to the rare Danube Salmon Fish.
At its deepest point, the Tara River Canyon is 4,300 feet deep, making it the second-largest canyon in the world after the Grand Canyon.
In 1980, UNESCO put the Durmitor National Park on its list of World Heritage Sites. River Tara gets its water from several streams that feed into it. Lucia and Susica join from the left, while Vaskovaska Rijeka and Draga participate from the right.
The area around Kotor is rich in nature, culture, and history.
Kotor has a long history from 168 BC when the Romans built a town and made it part of their province. During the Middle Ages, Emperor Justinian built a wall around Kotor around 535. Around 840, the city was pillaged, and until the 1100s, Dalmatian was the primary language in Kotor.
The Byzantine Empire later ruled it. Around 1002, when the Bulgarian Empire controlled Kotor, a lot of damage was done to the city.
Bulgarian Tzar then gave Kotor to Serbia. In 1538 and 1657, the Ottomans put up a siege on Kotor. Between 1941 and 1943, when World War II was going on, Italy took over Kotor and made it one of its three provinces.
In 1979, UNESCO named Kotor a cultural world heritage site because it has kept its old towns from the Middle Ages. Some of the oldest buildings, like the Cathedral of Saint Tryphon, are in the Kotor area. The Cathedral of Saint Tryphon was built in 1166.
Stecci Medieval Tombstone Graveyards
Stecci is the name for the tombstones from the Middle Ages that are spread across 28 sites in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the west of Montenegro, and the south and center of Croatia. They are monuments and cemeteries from the Middle Ages known as stecci.
Between the 12th and 16th centuries, these graveyards were used. The graves are laid out in rows because that was the norm in medieval Europe and the middle ages.
They are made of carved limestone and have a wide range of decorative motifs and inscriptions that show what Europe looked like in the Middle Ages. In 2016, UNESCO added Stecci to its list of cultural sites that are part of the world heritage.
Overview Of Montenegro
Montenegro is a country in South Europe comprised of people from many different cultures, religions, and languages. Montenegrins, Bosniaks, Serbs, Albanians, Roma, Croats, Muslims, and other groups are among the most influential ethnic groups in the country.
Montenegrin, the official language, and other languages like Serbian, Bosnian, Serbo-Croat, and Albanian are spoken by most people in the country. Muslims, Orthodox Christians, Catholics, Atheists, and other religions are common in the country.
World Heritage Sites In Montenegro
|UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Montenegro||Year of Inscription; Type|
|Durmitor National Park||1980; Natural|
|Kotor Natural, Cultural, and Historical Region||1979; Cultural|
|Stećci Medieval Tombstone Graveyards||2016; Cultural|