The Richest And Poorest States In Germany

Germany is a central European federal republic. The country has a total size of 357,104 square kilometers, making it one of the biggest in Europe. With a population estimated at 82 million citizens in 2015, Germany is the most populous European Union country.

The nation’s constitution, which went into effect on May 24, 1949, transferred power from the federal govt to the numerous states that make up the country. Germany was split between East and West Germany for four decades after WWII.

After years of demonstrations, mostly in East Germany, East, and West Germany reunited in 1989. Following the union of the two sides, Germany became a federation of 16 states.

While North Rhine-Westphalia is Germany’s wealthiest state in terms of GDP, Hamburg is the richest city in terms of GDP per capita. Bremen has the lowest gross domestic product (GDP) but the second-highest GDP per capita.

Germany has one of the greatest economies on the planet. The country’s economy is driven by its enormous industrial and service sectors. Germany is the world’s third-largest exporter, and its high-quality goods are well-known.

Its economy is expected to expand, owing to the country’s strong automotive and electronics sectors. Germany, on the other hand, needs to open up its economy to accept international investment.

North Rhine-Westphalia is a state in Germany.

With a population of almost 18 million people, North Rhine-Westphalia is the most populous German state. Its GDP was €645.6 billion in 2015, making it Germany’s richest state. Four of Germany’s ten biggest cities are located in North Rhine-Westphalia.

Düsseldorf is the capital of North Rhine-Westphalia. After the unification of two provinces, North Rhine and Westphalia, the state was born. In the 1950s and 1960s, it was known for its steel and coal resources.

North Rhine-Westphalia now boasts a thriving mechanical manufacturing sector. More than 37 prominent firms are headquartered in this state. It also boasts a vibrant creative economy, with world-class designers and painters.


Bavaria, with geographical size of 70,548 square kilometers, is Germany’s biggest state. In 2015, the state had Germany’s second-highest GDP, at €549.2 billion. Bavaria is rich than many other nations in the planet.

There is a substantial vehicle and motorbike sector in the state, including prominent manufacturers such as Allianz, Audi, and Grundig. In addition, Bavaria is home to world-renowned corporations like Adidas, Puma, and BMW. Munich is the capital and biggest city in Bavaria.


Bremen is Germany’s smallest state, with just 419 square kilometers. Bremerhaven and Bremen are the two cities that make up the state. The cities are located in two separate enclaves in Germany’s northern region.

The two cities are located on the Weser’s banks. Bremen, although being a significant port city with excellent shipping capabilities, contributes the least to Germany’s GDP. The state has a GDP of €31.6 billion in 2015, making it Germany’s lowest state. However, in terms of GDP per capita, it is ranked second.


The state of Saarland is located in southwest Germany. Saarbrucken is the country’s capital. With abundant coal resources and iron ores, Saarland has a robust mining sector. Vegetables, cereals, fruits, and dairy products are also produced in the state’s agricultural industry.

The majority of Saarland’s products are sold to France. Despite the state’s expanding economy, it remains Germany’s poorest state, behind only Bremen. Saarland had a GDP of €35 billion in 2015.

The Richest And Poorest States In Germany

RankStatesGDP per capita (EUR€)RankStatesGDP (billion EUR€)Share of total GDP (%)
1Hamburg61,7291North Rhine-Westphalia645.59021.3
5Baden-Württemberg42,7455Lower Saxony258.5308.5
6North Rhine-Westphalia36,5096Rhineland-Palatinate131.9514.4
9Lower Saxony32,8909Hamburg109.2713.6

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