It is a country that is influenced or associated with another country, known as a satellite nation. In the Cold War, the phrase satellite country was initially used to characterize countries that were allied with or subject to the Soviet Union’s influence and coercion.
It was invented as an allegory for the phenomenon of small bodies in space circling a bigger one, such as the moons that circle giant planets. The phrase satellite country began to be used in the West to characterize these countries since they were in the Soviet Union’s orbit or gravitational influence.
Because of their proximity to Russia, the Soviet Union’s satellite states had lengthy traditions of cooperation with Russia before World War II. They enlisted Russia’s help in their fight against an aggressive Germany throughout the war.
Many of these countries became closer to the Soviet Union as Germany stormed over Eastern Europe. In 1942, Soviet troops defeated the Germans at Stalingrad and drove them back to Berlin, freeing Eastern Europe.
The Soviet military remains in various nations during this time. After World War II, the Soviet Union had taken over much of Eastern Europe.
In 1945, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Winston Churchill, and Joseph Stalin gathered at the Yalta Conference to discuss post-war Germany and Europe’s organization.
After World War II, Stalin said that the Soviet Union should take the lead in supporting and reconstructing Eastern Europe. According to Stalin’s promise, all regions that recovered from Nazi Germany would be allowed to hold free elections.
US-Soviet collaboration during World War II carried over into the post-war period, although that optimism was short-lived. After Harry S. Truman took office as president, the United States and the Soviet Union were locked in a Cold War struggle for Soviet dominance in Eastern Europe and the United Nations.
The Soviet Union annexed most of Eastern and Central Europe after World War II, resulting in the Soviet Empire. Cominform, the Communist Information Bureau, was established by the Soviet Union to ensure that political and ideological conformity was enforced.
A succession of coalition administrations and the forcible extermination of coalition members that the Soviets did not approve of built Stalinist institutions in each country.
The current administrations, law enforcement, the press, radio, and television in these nations were all under the thumb of the Stalinists.
After World War II, the United States launched the Marshall Plan, which promised assistance to any nation that requested it. Soviet Union‘s response to this was the creation of Comecon in 1949, which guaranteed its member’s economic help and retained the Soviet economy’s ties with satellites.
This included Albania, Olish Peoples Republic, and Bulgaris People’s Republic, the People’s Republic of Romania, Czechoslavak Socialist Republic, and the German Democratic Republic (East Germany).
Also See: SAARC (South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation) Countries 2022
The Federal People’s Republic of Yugoslavia, the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan, and the Mongolian People’s Republic were among the other satellite countries.
Yugoslavia broke away from Soviet domination in 1948 and established Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) in the same year.
From 1978 until 1992, the government of the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan was allied with the Eastern Bloc and received Soviet military assistance between 1979 and 1989.
As a Soviet satellite republic from 1924 to 1991, the Mongolian People’s Republic could not have survived without the Soviet Union’s continued supervision and reliance on it.