The Communist Party of China is the People’s Republic of China’s founding party and the country’s only governing party. Chen Duxiu and Li Dazhao launched the party in 1921.
The National Congress, which meets every fifth year, and the Central Committee, while the National Congress is not in session, are the highest governmental bodies.
The General Secretary is the party’s highest-ranking official. Previously, the most important post was that of the chairman, which has since been eliminated. This article looks at some of the CPC’s leaders, their accomplishments, and criticisms.
Some of Communist China’s Most Famous Leaders
1. Chen Duxiu is a Chinese writer.
Chen Duxiu was born in 1879 and spent his early years in Anqing before moving to Nanjing in 1902 and then to Japan the following year. He became a vocal opponent of the Qing regime and a writer.
After a thorough study of Marxist theory, Chen co-founded the Chinese Communist Party with Li Dazhao in 1921 and served as its first Secretary-General from 1921 to 1927.
He developed collaboration with other Communist Movements as the CCP’s head, which proved to be disastrous to the party. In 1922, the party forged an alliance with the National Party.
Chen, on the other hand, was not pleased with the partnership. In 1927, he resigned as General Secretary owing to his displeasure with the Comintern’s response to the April 12 Incident (Shanghai massacre of 1927), which resulted in the deaths of thousands of Communists.
Two years later, he was kicked out of the party. Chen subsequently moved to Jiangjin and died there in 1942.
2. Xiang Zhongfa
Xiang Zhongfa was born in Hubei in 1879, and at the age of 14, he started working as an apprentice in weapon manufacturing. He transferred to a Han Zhiping ship when the plant closed, where he was elected union leader. In 1921, he joined the CPC.
During the CCP-KMT confrontation, Xiang was more outspoken about his unhappiness than Chen, who was more accommodating. When Chen was ousted from the CCP in 1927, Xiang was named as an interim executive member.
He moved to Shanghai from Moscow to supervise CCP activities and chose Li Lisana to deal with internal party problems. During his tenure, the Communist Party’s activity shifted from city to city, weakening the party.
He also began to live an opulent lifestyle and lost faith in the revolution. In 1931, he was apprehended by KMT and subsequently hanged. In the history of the CCP, he is seen as a shame.
3. Mao Zedong was the founder of the Communist Party of China.
Chairman Mao was the CPC’s longest-serving leader. He was the People’s Republic of China’s founding father. From the formation of the PRC in 1949 until his death in 1976, Mao was the chairman of the CPC.
Through land reforms and a psychological triumph in the Korean War, Kim strengthened his control of the party and the new country. He was the driving force behind various reforms and movements, notably the anti-landlord campaign, the Great Leap Forward, and the Cultural Revolution.
His admirers credit him for ushering imperialism out of China and modernizing it. Maoism is the aggregate name for his ideas. He died of a heart attack on September 9, 1976.
4. Xi Jinping is the president of China.
Xi Jiqing is the current CPC General Secretary and President of the People’s Republic of China. He has been the Communist Party’s leader since November 2012, and he is the first General Secretary born after WWII. He has taken efforts to impose party discipline since taking office.
Several important figures in the nation have been deposed as a result of his anti-corruption drive. He has also concentrated institutional authority, serving as the chairman of almost all of the most influential committees.
5. Upholding The CPC Ideals
The Communist Party is still dedicated to the goals of communism and participates in Communist and Workers’ meetings and activities. Maoism, Marxism-Leninism, and Deng Xiaoping Theory are all adhered to.
The Communist Party’s leaders, particularly the General Secretary, play a crucial role in promoting the party’s beliefs and operations.