Poland is a country in Central Europe. It is about twice as big as the U.S. state of Georgia and just a little smaller than the U.S. state of New Mexico.
The country is one of the places in Europe with many different kinds of plants and animals. The government has a low level of industrialization compared to other European countries, making protecting its plants and animals easier.
Poland’s native plants and animals live along the coast of the Baltic Sea, in the Carpathian Mountains, and its mixed forests.
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1. Carpathian Mountain Conifer Forest –
The Carpathian Mountains in Poland are a part of the Carpathian Montane Conifer Forest ecoregion. Conifer trees, like the cold weather of the mountains, make up most of the trees in the forest.
On average, the weather in the area is moderately complex and humid, and the amount of rain and temperature change with altitude.
The European bison, the lynx, the brown bear, the wolf, and the wild cat all live in the area. Tourism, logging, and air pollution are all things that could hurt the ecoregion in the long run.
2. Mixed Forest in Central Europe –
The Central European Mixed Forest has both trees with leaves and trees with needles. There are many pines, oak, and beech trees in the area.
Scots pines are the most common type of tree in the area. The site gets between 500 and 700 millimeters of rain annually, and the average temperature is between 7 and 9 degrees Celsius.
The forests are home to many animals, most of which are on the verge of extinction. The area is home to European bison, bears, wolves, lynx, and the black grouse.
The Bialowieza National Park in Poland, which was set up to protect the unique plants and animals of the area, is in the ecoregion. However, a lot of the ecoregion has been damaged by farming and people living there.
3. Mixed Baltic Forest –
The Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests Biome include the Baltic Mixed Forests ecoregion. The sub-montane beech and mixed beech forests, as well as oak, sycamore, maple, and ash trees, make up most of the trees in the area.
The forest is in northern Europe, specifically in Germany, Poland, Denmark, and Sweden. The ecoregion is listed as critically endangered, mainly because people are moving in on it.
4. Marine – Baltic Sea Northeast Atlantic Shelf
The Baltic Sea Northeast Atlantic Shelf Marine is a marine ecoregion that connects the country to the Atlantic Ocean through the Baltic Sea. There is a lot of marine life in the ecoregion. In the ecoregion, you can find whales like the Beluga, Blue, Minke, Bowhead, and Killer.
In the marine life of the ecoregion, you can find the Atlantic puffin, Porbeagle shark, Capelin, Grey seal, and Arctic char.
The ecoregion has been called critically endangered, Pollution and overfishing are the two most significant environmental problems that threaten it. Different projects have been started in the Baltic Sea to save marine life to map marine biodiversity.
5. Habitats and the variety of life –
Poland is home to almost 35,000 kinds of animals and about 28,000 kinds of plants and fungi. Seven hundred animal species are vertebrates, and more than 100 of these are in danger of going extinct.
Most of Poland is made up of small-scale farms, which has helped keep some native plant and animal species alive. Poland is home to more European bison and aquatic warblers than any other country.
6. Dangers to the environment and efforts to protect it –
Several environmental problems threaten Poland’s ecosystems. Marine life in the country is in danger because chemicals are being dumped into the water, and pesticides are seeping into the water.
Loss of habitat, Pollution of the environment from the release of toxic gases, and rapid industrialization of the country’s agricultural forests and lands continue to put Poland’s plants and animals at risk.
The government has worked hard to protect the environment. In Poland, national parks and reserves have been set up and managed well by agencies that focus on the environment. Various plants and animals in the country are also constantly watched to see how their environment is doing.