Ethiopia Population 2023

Ethiopia’s population is now about 115 million people and is predicted to reach 200 million by 2049. Ethiopia’s population is expanding at a rate of roughly 2.7 percent per year, with no peak year or period of decrease predicted.

Ethiopia has a birth rate of 36 per 1,000 people. The average number of children per woman is 4.1. Ethiopia’s high birth rate, as well as the absence of contraception, are mostly due to religion.

Due to the increased demand for more resources, the economy’s ability to grow and develop at a faster rate has been hampered by the disproportionate population increase. Due to its tremendous population growth, Ethiopia remains one of the poorest nations on the planet.

Ethiopia’s Population is Increasing

Ethiopia has been plagued by famine and poverty for the majority of its lengthy history. A country where child malnutrition and death have been common for so long demands aid from the world’s most fortunate and rich countries.

It is the obligation of all peaceful members of the international community to intervene with more rigor and commitment to empowering Ethiopians. After enduring immense suffering, these people have shown to be one of the most resilient on the planet.

Ethiopia will be able to build on the power of its people in order to strengthen the country as a whole if it is given a little help.

Population projections for Ethiopia

Ethiopia is one of the world’s fastest-growing nations, with an annual growth rate of 3.02 percent. Ethiopia’s populace can double in the next 30 years, reaching 210 million by 2060 if present growth rates continue.

Africa is predicted to account for the majority of the global population increase in the next 40-50 years, with Ethiopia playing a significant role.

Ethiopia Population Clock

Ethiopia Population (as of 5/5/2022)120,258,904
Next UN Estimate (July 1, 2022)120,812,698
Births per Day10,036
Deaths per Day2,000
Migrations per Day-10
Net Change per Day8,026
Population Change Since Jan. 11,003,250
  • Net increase of 1 person every 11 seconds

Components of Population Change

One birth every 9 seconds
One death every 43 seconds
One net migrant every 144 minutes
Net gain of one person every 11 seconds

Ethiopia Population Density Map

Addis Ababa2,757,729
Dire Dawa252,279
Bahir Dar168,899

Ethiopian Population Density and Area

Ethiopia now has a surface area of 1,104,300 km2 (or 426,372.6137 miles square). Ethiopia is ranked 123rd in the world in terms of population density, with 83 persons per square mile (214/square mile).

Ethiopia’s most populous cities

Addis Ababa, or Addis Abeba, is Ethiopia’s biggest city and capital, with a population of 3.6 million people in the city itself and more than 4.6 million in the metropolitan area.

Family is a key aspect of Ethiopian life, often even exceeding the importance of their occupations or enterprises, according to its customs and traditions, which date back over two millennia.

Adama (324,000 residents), Gondar (324,000 residents), Mek’ele (324,000 residents), and Hawassa (324,000 residents) are the other significant cities (302,000).

Ethiopia Population by Year (Historical)

Year PopulationGrowth RateDensity (km²)Population RankDensity Rank

Ethiopia Population by Year (Historical)

Year PopulationGrowth RateDensity (km²)Population RankDensity Rank

Ethiopia Population Pyramid

Ethiopia Median Age


Ethiopia Population by Age

There are 63,261,612 people over age 18 in Ethiopia.

Census Years

199411 October 1994
20077 June 2007
2017November 2017

Ethiopia – General Info

One of the world’s poorest countries, Ethiopia is thought to be one of the least developed places in the world. Within its African borders, however, is a country rich in culture and tradition. Kenya, South Sudan, Sudan, Djibouti, Eritrea, and Somalia are its neighbours.

Ethiopia is the continent’s most populated landlocked nation and Africa’s second-most populous country after Nigeria.

Ethiopia is the 14th most populated nation in the world, according to this estimate based on the most current United Nations forecasts. The most recent census, conducted in 2007, revealed a population of 73.7 million people.

Ethiopian Statistics

Ethiopia is home to a diverse ethnic population, with the Oromo accounting for 34.4 percent of the population and the Amhara accounting for 27 percent. Somali (6.2 percent), Tigray (6.1 percent), Sidama (4%), Gurage (2.5 percent), Welayta (2.3 percent), Afar (1.7 percent), Hadiya (1.7 percent), and Gamo (1.7 percent) are the other significant ethnic groups (1.5 percent ).

Ethiopia received an estimated 135,000 asylum seekers and refugees in 2009, the majority of them were from Somalia (64,000), Eritrea (42,000), and Sudan (23,000).

Refugees must reside in designated refugee camps, according to the authorities. According to a 2013 assessment, Ethiopia’s refugee population has expanded to 680,000 people.

Ethiopian Religion, Politics, and Economy

Ethiopia is deeply rooted in all three Abrahamic faiths, and it was the first country in the area to embrace Christianity in the fourth century.

Christians make up 63 percent of the population, with the Ethiopian Orthodox Church accounting for 44 percent. Ethiopia is home to the world’s earliest Hijra and the continent’s oldest Muslim town. Muslims make up about 34% of the total population.

Ethiopia, despite its cultural riches, sadly does not share the same economic destiny. With a mostly agricultural economy, it’s no surprise that Ethiopia has one of the lowest per capita incomes in today’s technologically advanced globe.

Its dependence on local investment limits international investment, which may otherwise explain the country’s relative performance.

However, improvements in agricultural methods have resulted in a reduction in the amount of hunger that the nation had previously experienced. The GDP is expanding as well, with a 7% gain in 2014.

Another step forward is the labor force composition, which now accounts for about 40% of the workforce. However, only if the typical Ethiopian’s living standards improve will the nation be able to see a brighter future.

Ethiopia’s median age is roughly 17.9 years old. In Ethiopia, 60% of the population is under the age of 25.

In terms of access to safe drinking water and sanitation, the situation in this nation remains dire. Only 57 percent of the nation has increased access to safe drinking water, according to the World Factbook, but 42 percent still struggle to get clean water.

Only 28% of the population has access to modern sanitation facilities, while 72% struggle to keep their homes clean. This is likely a major factor in the area’s very high risk of transmittable infections and disorders.

Only 49% of people over the age of 15 are literate, and many youngsters only attend school for 8 or 9 years.

Ethiopia’s Population History

Many Ethiopian’s health is getting worse because of the poverty they live in. AIDS, TB, malaria, and several infectious illnesses caused by poor sanitation and malnutrition are the most prevalent causes of death among Ethiopians.

The majority of mothers give birth to their children outside of hospitals. Frequently, just an old midwife attends to the moms.

The maternal mortality rate is high during childbirth. Various governmental and non-governmental groups are working to improve Ethiopia’s dismal health conditions. The World Health Organization is working to help Ethiopia become healthier.

Low literacy levels contribute to poor health outcomes. As a result, it is critical to equip Ethiopians with proper information on prevalent ailments, as well as effective treatment and cures. Women’s empowerment may also contribute to changes in Ethiopians’ living conditions.

Key Facts of Ethiopia’s

Legal NameFederal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
Capital CityAddis Ababa, 9 02 N, 38 42 E
Total Area 1,104,300.00 km2
Land Area1,096,570.00 km2
Water Area7,730.00 km2
Major CitiesAddis Ababa (4,793,699)Mekele (523,915)Dire Dawa (408,096)Nazret (377,819)Gondar (362,314)
Currency Birr (ETB)
GDP$96.11 Billion
GDP Per Capita$857.50

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Scroll to Top