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Germany, located in Western Europe, has a population of about 83.7 million, making it the continent’s second most populated nation. In the European Union, Germany has a place at the table.
The capital of Germany, Berlin, is part of the country’s parliamentary federal republic and is headed by a chancellor. One of the world’s most progressive nations, Germany has Europe’s strongest economy. Germany participates in several international organizations.
Hungary is a member state of the European Union and a nation in Central Europe. Until the end of World War I, Hungary and Austria were linked as one country, known as the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
Currently, Budapest serves as the capital of the sovereign state of Hungary. Although there are presently more than 9.6 million people living in Hungary, the country’s population has been in decline since the 1980s owing to low birth rates.
Hungary participates in a wide range of global forums as an active participant. More than 15 million visitors come to Hungary every year to enjoy the country’s art, music, and history as well as its biggest thermal water cave system and second-largest thermal lake.
Even though it is located on a peninsula in south-central Europe, Italy is classified as a western European nation. Rome serves as Italy’s capital. Italy has around 60 million inhabitants, making it the EU’s third most populated nation.
With a long and healthy life expectancy, good quality of life, excellent healthcare, and a highly educated population, Italy is among the world’s most developed nations.
Italy is an original and prominent EU member state. It is a member of several global bodies like the UN, NATO, OECD, WTO, G7, and G20. Italy has gained international renown in many fields, including the visual and performing arts, literature, music, philosophy, fashion, and food.
The Kingdom of Norway (or just Norway) is a Nordic country in Western Europe. The Scandinavian Peninsula’s westernmost country is Norway. Norway has a population of about 5.4 million, with its capital located in Oslo.
Unlike Sweden and Finland, Norway is not a part of the European Union. In Norway, everyone has access to high-quality medical care, and the social safety net is extensive.
The nation has one of the lowest crime rates in the world and a high level of happiness, earning it top marks on the World Happiness Report year after year.
Norway is a part of several international organizations, including the United Nations, NATO, and the European Free Trade Association (among others), as well as the World Trade Organization, the European Economic Area, and the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development.
Among the nations of South America, Paraguay is unique in that it lacks access to the ocean. The capital of Paraguay is Asunción, which is also one of the continent’s oldest settlements. About 7.1 million individuals call Paraguay home.
The nation has long been involved in international organizations like the OAS, the NAM, and the Lima Group. Paraguay has a reputation for being a very joyful place to live.
As a transcontinental nation, Turkey straddles two continents, with a sizeable portion in Western Asia and a more modest one in the southeastern European region known as the Balkan Peninsula. Over 84 million people call this place home.
Both Asia and Europe are represented in Turkey’s biggest city, Istanbul. The capital of Turkey is Ankara. Although around 95% of Turkey is situated in Asia, its political identity is most closely aligned with the West.
These factors make it hard to say whether Turkey is in Europe or Asia. Despite this, Turkey belongs to the Council of Europe and has an associate membership in the European Economic Community.
Turkey is a founding member of the Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and the Group of Twenty (G20), in addition to being a member of the United Nations, NATO, the International Monetary Fund, and the World Bank.
In terms of land area, Uruguay is the second-smallest nation in South America, behind Paraguay. The main and biggest city of Uruguay, Montevideo, is home to 1.8 of the country’s estimated 3.47 million residents.
It tops the charts in South America for economic growth, middle-class size, and press freedom, and in Latin America for democracy, peace, and low perception of corruption and e-government (offering governmental services to residents through technology).
The cultivation, sale, and use of cannabis are all legal in Uruguay, making it one of the more progressive nations in Latin America.
Also See: Countries Ending in Land 2022
Located inside Rome, Italy, Vatican City is the world’s smallest sovereign state. Italian is the de jure language of government and public discourse. The Pope, the Archbishop of Rome, and the Supreme Pontiff of the Catholic Church have absolute power in Vatican City.
There are only approximately 801 people living in Vatican City, which takes only about 0.19 square miles (0.49 square kilometres). There is no airport or motorways in Vatican City, however, there is the world’s shortest railway system.