The biggest Peninsula globally, the Arabian Peninsula, is also known as Arabia. The Arabian Peninsula has an area of 1,250,005 square miles (3,237,500 square kilometers) in western Asia, northeast of Africa.
Over 77.9 million people call the peninsula home, spread over seven nations. The Red Sea surrounds the Arabian Peninsula to the West and Southwest, while the Persian Gulf is to the north of the Peninsula.
In the center of the Peninsula, known as the Najd, there are rich valleys and a central plateau covered in mountains and deserts. The beaches are marshy, and the oasis is lush.
All seven nations in the Arabian Peninsula have been monarchies or are now monarchs, and they have been attempting to modify their political landscapes and economic landscapes.
There has been an increase in healthcare and education and an increase in urbanization and secularisation of society in these countries.
When Islam was introduced, the Middle East and the Arabian Peninsula had tight military, social, political, and religious relations in the 7th century.
In the twentieth century, oil and natural gas discoveries on the Peninsula led to an increase in contact between the Peninsula and the West.
The Middle East’s geopolitical importance is mostly owing to the region’s abundant oil and gas resources. In Saudi Arabia, the vast majority of the world’s oil reserves are concentrated in the Peninsula.
The Peninsula countries can exert political influence because of the huge demand for these natural resources by developed nations worldwide.
Consolidating oil-holding power to direct political action is one of OPEC’s primary goals for bringing together the Peninsula countries:
The following are the seven countries that make up the Arabian Peninsula:
- Saudi Arabia
- United Arab Emirates
Saudi Arabia is the most populous and biggest country in this group. The population of Saudi Arabia, officially known as the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, is around 33.4 million people and covers an area of 2,150,000 square kilometers (830,000 square miles).
As a result of its vast oil reserves, Saudi Arabia is the Middle East’s biggest economy, and it is also the world’s second-largest producer of crude oil.
Islam is said to have begun in the seventh century in what is now Saudi Arabia. Saudi Arabia is home to the Islamic holy cities of Mecca and Medina.
A civil conflict has engulfed Yemen, the second-biggest Arab sovereign state. A civil war in Yemen broke out on March 19, 2015, between the Houthi armed movement and the Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi-led government.
All of Yemen’s political parties claim to represent the country’s legitimate government.
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