Yugoslavia was a huge nation in Eastern Europe that split up into numerous smaller countries in the early 1990s.
It was located south of Austria and north of Greece. In 1918, when many smaller republics decided to join in the wake of World War I, the country was created as the Kingdom of Yugoslavia; in 1929, the name was changed to simply Yugoslavia.
During World War II, the Axis forces attacked and controlled Yugoslavia, causing widespread death and destruction.
The governing governments carried out ethnic cleansing throughout large swaths of the nation, and they transported the vast majority of the Jewish people to concentration camps.
After World War II ended, a communist government took power and called Yugoslavia the Federal People’s Republic of Yugoslavia. In 1963, the country adopted its current moniker, the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
Beginning in 1968, demonstrations erupted throughout Yugoslavia as a response to the government’s repressive policies.
Additionally, the country’s stability was thrown into disarray as a result of ethnic friction between the various people groups and economic strains brought on by a fluctuating oil market in the 1970s.
The Yugoslav Wars erupted in 1990 as a result of tensions between the central authority and some of the individual member republics.
When the Soviet Union collapsed in 1991, the first countries to declare independence were Croatia and Slovenia in June. By 2001, Yugoslavia had already broken apart into five distinct states (and would eventually become six or seven).
Countries that were formerly a part of Yugoslavia that now exist are:
Former Yugoslavia is presently made up of six (or maybe seven) different nations, and the process of splitting apart into these entities was more complicated than it seems at first glance.
Numerous regions were established, combined, disbanded, and renamed before the modern-day nations we recognise today emerged. This is only one example…
- When Yugoslavia broke apart, the Republic of Serbian Krajina declared independence and became a sovereign state.
- There was a time when North Macedonia was known simply as Macedonia.
- The Muslim Bosniaks, Orthodox Serbs, and Catholic Croats almost tore Bosnia and Herzegovina apart during the civil war that raged from 1992 to 1995.
- Formerly known as Yugoslavia, Serbia and Montenegro changed their names in 2003 to Serbia and Montenegro before officially dissolving as a single country in 2006.
- As of yet, international recognition of Kosovo’s independence from Serbia, which it announced in 2008, is not universal. Therefore, Kosovo is one of the nations that are not a member of the United Nations at present.
Country profiles of the former Yugoslavia:
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina boasts one of the world’s quickest-growing tourism industries because of its many tourist attractions, such as its mountains, waterfalls, mediaeval ruins, and gorgeous capital, Sarajevo.
Almost half of the landmass is covered with trees. With a current estimate of 3,249,317 inhabitants, Bosnia and Herzegovina has a population density of little over 63 persons per square kilometre.
Similarly to Slovenia, Croatia is a prosperous tourist destination thanks to its beautiful coastline, early adoption of the naturalistic movement, and the walled city of Dubrovnik, which became famous as the site for King’s Landing in the HBO series Game of Thrones.
The World Bank considers Croatia to be a middle-income nation because of its many thriving businesses, including shipbuilding, wood processing, food processing, pharmaceuticals, information technology, and biochemical research and manufacture.
With a population of around 4,059,286 people, there are about 72 persons per square kilometre in Croatia.
A total of 627,950 people called Montenegro home in 2021, making its population density of 45 persons per square kilometre.
Montenegro, whose name is derived from the English black mountain, shares its neighbours’ reputation for jagged mountain peaks and refreshing streams. The service industry drives its impressive economic growth, followed by manufacturing and agriculture.
One of the lesser former Yugoslavian nations in terms of population size, North Macedonia (formerly known as just Macedonia) has around 2,081,304 inhabitants as of 2021 (but a density of 81 persons per square kilometre).
Oil production and tourism are both on the upswing in North Macedonia’s rising economy, with the latter mostly drawing visitors to the nation because of its stunning inland lakes.
In 2021, Serbia had 8,653,016 persons, making it the most populous and biggest of the former Yugoslavian states. The population density was 98 people per square kilometre.
Northern Serbia is characterised by wide plains in addition to the jagged and picturesque mountain peaks typical of many former Yugoslavian nations.
As a result of its varied topography, Serbia is home to a wide variety of plant and animal life. The country is particularly rich in fish (51% of Europe’s total), reptiles and amphibians (40%), birds (74%), and mammals (67%). The conflict has arisen between Serbia and the secessionist province of Kosovo.
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With 2,078,034 people as of 2021, Slovenia has the highest population density among the former Yugoslavian republics, at around 103 persons per square kilometre. Although far smaller in size than Serbia, it shares that country’s very high levels of biodiversity.
Furthermore, its thriving service-based economy makes it the most prosperous of the former Yugoslav states, followed by manufacturing and building development.
|Country||Date of Independence||Joined UN|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||1992-03-03||1992-05-22|