That there are no autonomous or semiautonomous regions in Romania lends credence to the idea that the nation functions as a unitary state.
All problems, both federal and provincial, are handled by the central government of Romania. Like many other nations on our list, Romania is tiny, making this a realistic option. There are no overseas provinces or autonomous regions in Romania.
The island nation of Ireland is yet another unified nation. The Irish central government has jurisdiction over both national and regional concerns.
Like Romania, the Republic of Ireland has no overseas regions that enjoy significant autonomy from the rest of the country.
The case of Norway, a unitary state, is instructive. There are various Norwegian foreign territories. However, even in these areas, the Norwegian federal government has a hand in everything.
Although the Svalbard archipelago is located hundreds of miles from the mainland, it is not governed by any local authorities. As a result, the Norwegian central government is in charge of relatively unimportant things like traffic regulations in Svalbard.
For those aware of Scotland’s position in the United Kingdom, the fact that it is a unitary state may be a surprise. Scotland enjoys a measure of independence in the way it is governed. However, the British Parliament has delegated this authority.
Scotland is now a unitary state since the Parliament may remove self-governance without the people’s approval.
There are parallels between the situations in Scotland and Wales. Despite its autonomy, it is still a part of the United Kingdom. Without the approval of the Welsh, the British Parliament may take away all of Wales’s devolved powers, just as it did with Scotland.
The United Kingdom now consists of two separate countries plus Northern Ireland. Calls for Northern Ireland’s independence or reunification with the Republic of Ireland have been mostly unsuccessful.
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As a result, the British Parliament may revoke the country’s meagre autonomy at any moment and for any cause. Some in Northern Ireland demand complete and utter independence partly because of the region’s uncertain political status.
It’s worth noting that Spain, like the UK, is a constitutional monarchy. It is a unitary state, like the United Kingdom. A certain amount of autonomy is granted to the various Spanish provinces.
However, the federal government’s decision to give provinces more autonomy explains why. At any point in time, the federal government may revoke these privileges.