According to the PCI (product complexity index), living organism blood is the eighty-third most complicated product and the fourteenth most traded commodity on the planet.
The total value of human and animal blood imported in 2016 was $126 billion, an increase of 12% over 2015.
In 2016, Europe was the leading exporting region, with shipments worth $100 billion, accounting for 79.3 percent of all blood exchanged, followed by North America with $119.9 billion and Asia with $4.79 billion.
Top 5 Blood Exporters by Country 2022
In 2016, Switzerland held the largest market share in the global blood export trade. Human or animal blood, along with gold and packaged pharmaceuticals, is one of Switzerland’s most important export commodities.
In 2016, the nation exported $26.2 billion worth of blood to Germany, Belgium, and the United States, an increase of 44.75 percent from $18.1 billion in 2015. Switzerland exported 18 percent of its blood to the United States and 17 percent to Germany.
Despite the fact that blood was not among Germany’s top ten exported commodities in 2016, animal and human blood exports brought in $22.7 billion, a 39.26% increase over 2015 when the nation received $ 16.3 billion from blood exports.
Approximately 18% of the total blood shipped came from Germany. Germany exported the majority of its blood to European nations in 2016, with 25% going to the Netherlands, 13% to the United Kingdom, and 9.4% to Switzerland.
3. United States of America
Although the United States is the world’s largest importer of blood, it is not the world’s largest exporter. Last year, the United States generated $19 billion from the blood trade, a decline of 28.9% from 2015, when the country exported $24.5 billion worth of blood.
In 2016, the United States exported around 15% of all blood traded. The Netherlands received 14% of the blood shipped from the United States, Belgium received 11%, and Italy received 9%.
Belgium exported 10% of all blood exchanged in 2016, earning the nation $13 billion, a 7 percent increase over 2015, when the country exported blood worth $12.1 billion. Belgium’s blood was shipped in greater quantities to Germany, the United States, and the United Kingdom.
Last year, Ireland exported 8.5 percent of all blood exchanged, bringing in $10.7 billion, a reduction of 24.6 percent. 72 percent of Ireland’s blood was sent to Belgium and the United States, with 6.5 percent going to the United Kingdom.
Companies that export the most blood
Alredwan Worldwide Trade from Turkey, Angi Plast Pvt. Ltd. from India, Medicfit Technology Sdn from Malaysia, and Daddy D Pro from Pakistan are among the leading organizations participating in this trade. These firms import blood for research institutions’ experiments as well as blood transfusions.