Tomatoes are one of the most widely grown vegetables in the United States and across the globe.
This plant originates in Mexico, but thanks to Spanish colonialism, it has spread around the globe. Indiana, Florida, and California are the top three tomato growers in the United States.
Tennessee, Florida, South Carolina, Virginia, North Carolina, Ohio, New Jersey, California, Michigan, and Indiana are among the top 10 states that produce huge amounts of tomatoes.
A large portion of tomatoes is processed into sauces, paste, canned whole tomatoes, ketchup, and juice, in addition to being sold at fresh vegetable markets.
The following are four tomato growers’ highlights:
1.The state of California
Every year, California produces 255,388 thousand centum weight (cwt) of tomatoes. As a result, it is the top tomato grower in the United States and among the top tomato producers worldwide.
California produces nearly one-third of the world’s tomatoes and 95% of the tomatoes consumed in the United States.
Sacramento Valley and San Joaquin Valley are two places where tomatoes are cultivated. Solano, Merced, Sutter, and Stanislaus counties account for the majority of production.
The main planting season is from late January to early June, while the harvesting season is from late June to early October.
2. The state of Florida
In terms of yearly tomato output, Florida ranks second in the United States, with a total of 7,560 thousand metric tons (cwt). Tampa Bay and Dade County are two of Florida’s tomato-growing areas.
Floragold, Everglades, and Better Boy are some of the most popular tomato varieties cultivated in Florida. The months of March and August are ideal for planting in this state. Florida produces over half of all fresh tomatoes in the United States.
3. The state of Indiana
Indiana is the third greatest tomato grower in the United States, with 4,940 thousand cwt. Fresh market tomatoes and processed tomatoes are both grown by farmers.
In 2012, Indiana produced 11.2 million pounds of fresh market tomatoes and 259,650 tons of processed tomatoes.
The value of fresh market tomatoes was $7.6 million, while the value of tomatoes cultivated for processing was $30.6 million.
4. The state of Ohio
The state of Ohio is the fourth-largest tomato grower in the United States, producing 2,808 thousand cwt per year. Early Girl, Sun Gold, Brandywine, and Roma are the finest tomato types for Ohio farms. The state has a brief growing season that begins in late May.
The Top 10 Tomato Producing States In The United States
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Challenges Faced By The Tomato Producers
The first issue is global climate change, which has resulted in unpredictably changing weather patterns. As a result of the long periods of sunlight, farmers have had to spend more in irrigation.
Second, since tomatoes are one of the largest exports for certain states, such as California, fluctuations in worldwide pricing have an impact on their output in the United States.
The disparities in demand and supply are the third difficulty. A large supply of tomatoes vs a low demand for it is an example of such a circumstance.
Finally, producers wind up with extra inventory, which might take a long time to unload.
Finally, common tomato viruses such as early blight, leaf mold, blossom end rot, and verticillium wilt must be dealt with by tomato farmers.