In society, social mobility is the movement of individuals, families, and households between and within social strata. It is possible to go up or down the social ladder depending on where you are in society.
Any shift in one’s social standing, whether upward or negative, is considered social mobility. Changing income or wealth levels are often used to gauge how far someone may go up the social ladder.
Regardless of one’s social standing or class, one of the finest ways to go up the social ladder is via education. People’s socioeconomic status and wealth, on the other hand, have a direct impact on their access to and success in educational opportunities.
Differences in social rank are marked by several indicators.
Health, housing, income, education, race, and gender are a few examples of these indicators. Despite the tremendous rise in living conditions, not everyone has an equal opportunity to benefit from this progress. It all comes down to the chances that individuals have in the place they call home.
Improved social mobility is critical to the well-being of a country. Many nations fail to provide their residents with fair and decent salaries or educational opportunities, which is a problem around the globe.
Socioeconomic mobility improves individuals’ sense of security in their governments and the ability of social classes to coexist peacefully. A country’s economy is boosted by social mobility, as well.
Different countries have different levels of social mobility.
Ranking 82 nations according to five main measures, the World Economic Forum released the Global Social Mobility study. The first study analyzed healthcare, education, technology, employment, and social security. Ten of the nations studied have the greatest social mobility:
- Denmark – 85.2
- Norway – 83.6
- Finland – 83.6
- Sweden – 83.5
- Iceland – 82.7
- Netherlands – 82.4
- Switzerland – 82.1
- Austria – 80.1
- Belgium – 80.1
- Luxembourg – 79.8
Ten nations in Europe are in the world’s top ten for social mobility, with 17 countries ranking in those top twenty.
The Nordic nations top the rankings because of their inclusive institutions, excellent employment prospects, social safety nets (welfare states), and high-quality education systems.
They have stakeholder capitalism, which considers the interests of all parties, not just corporations. In Denmark, it would take two generations to rise from poverty to middle-class status; in Sweden, Finland, and Norway, it would take three generations.
In terms of social mobility, the following are the 10 nations with the least:
- Côte d’Ivoire – 34.5
- Senegal – 36.0
- Cameroon – 36.0
- Pakistan – 36.7
- Bangladesh – 40.2
- South Africa – 41.4
- India – 42.7
- Guatemala – 43.5
- Honduras – 43.5
- Morocco – 43.7
Education, fair salaries, and gender equality are areas where Côte d’Ivoire falls short of the other nations evaluated in social mobility. As a result, it has the world’s highest rate of gender disparity. 46.3 percent of the population is living in poverty.
It will take a lot longer for someone born into a low-income household in one of the world’s least socially mobile nations to make it to the median income. Nine generations would be required in South Africa to accomplish this.
With a 70.4 overall score, the United States comes in 27th place. The United States falls behind its European counterparts in this regard. There has been a steady decline in American upward mobility since the 1940s.
Also See: Semi-Periphery Countries 2022
Moreover, 90% of individuals born in the 1940s made more money than their parents, but now, just 50% of those people still have that financial advantage over their grandparents.
When it comes to out-learning their parent’s education level, children from lower-educated families have a worse chance of succeeding than their more educated counterparts.
|Saint Pierre and Miquelon||5.7590|
|Wallis and Futuna||10.9820|
|British Virgin Islands||30.5960|
|Turks and Caicos Islands||39.7410|
|Saint Kitts and Nevis||53.8710|
|Northern Mariana Islands||58.2690|
|Isle of Man||85.7320|
|Antigua and Barbuda||99.5090|
|United States Virgin Islands||103.9710|
|Saint Vincent and the Grenadines||111.5510|
|Sao Tome and Principe||227.6790|
|Trinidad and Tobago||1406.5850|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||3249.3170|
|Central African Republic||5016.6780|
|Republic of the Congo||5797.8050|
|Papua New Guinea||9292.1690|
|United Arab Emirates||10081.7850|