To be classified as a developed nation, one must have a strong economy, a well-functioning government, a good infrastructure, a good educational system, many employment possibilities, extensive healthcare and social, and a high level of individual freedom.
Developing nations are those that fall a little short of these benchmarks.
The United Nations has labeled certain nations as “least developed,” making them eligible for special aid programs. The UN’s annual Human Development Index is the most frequently used and acknowledged indicator of a country’s development status (HDI).
To arrive at a final score between 0 and 1, this cutting-edge methodology analyses various data, including the adult literacy rate, life expectancy, income inequality, and mobile phone subscriptions.
Using this score, countries are sorted into one of four categories: low human development (0-.55), medium human development (.55-.70), high human development (.70-80), or extremely high (80+).
Most industrialized nations have a human development index score of at least.80, making them “very high human development” countries.
Although Africa is the least developed continent on Earth, many African nations remain entrenched in poverty, political corruption, and armed conflict.
Only one African country, Mauritius, will be deemed to have “extremely high human development” by the HDI in 2020.
On the positive side, eight African nations have achieved “high human development” and are on track to attain the “very high” level of development within the next few years.
Africa’s Top 10 Most Advanced Economies – 2020 Human Development Index
- Mauritius – .804 (Very High)
- Seychelles – .796 (High)
- Algeria – .748 (High)
- Tunisia – .740 (High)
- Botswana – .735 (High)
- Libya – .724 (High)
- South Africa – .709 (High)
- Egypt – .707 (High)
- Gabon – .703 (High)
- Morocco – .686 (Medium)
HDI.804 ranks Mauritius as Africa’s most developed nation, slightly over the “very high human development” criterion.
The island nation of Mauritius has a 75-year life expectancy, a literacy rate of 91.3%, and is well-known for its developed economy, free health care, and free public education.
Mauritius is ranked 66th out of 189 countries, showing how much Africa lags behind the rest of the world, but other African nations should take heart from Mauritius’ performance.
Seychelles ranks 67th with a score of 7.96. Since 1976, the country’s GDP has grown roughly sevenfold due to tourism. This country has an HDI score of.748 and is Africa’s third most developed nation.
Also See: Minimum Wage by Country 2022
Algeria’s life expectancy now stands at 76.3 years, which is the highest among African nations. The table below shows the Human Development Index (HDI) scores for all of Africa’s countries.
|Country||Human Development Index||2022 Population|
|Sao Tome and Principe||0.6250||227.6790|
|Republic of the Congo||0.5740||5797.8050|
|Central African Republic||0.3970||5016.6780|