Global South Countries 2022

Progressive social activist Carl Oglesby first used the phrase “Global South” in 1969 as a euphemism for “developing nations,” “least developed countries,” and other similar expressions.

The phrase “Global South” is sometimes used in conjunction with other terminology to characterize nations whose economies have not yet reached their full potential and confront difficulties such as low per capita income, high unemployment, and a scarcity of capital.




But few socioeconomic phrases are contested, potentially contentious, or generally misunderstood as much as “income inequality.”

“Global South” definition is difficult.

“Global South” is often misinterpreted and misapplied. Many people incorrectly believe that “South” means “Southern.” Not at all.

Most nations in the Southern Hemisphere are considered part of the “Global South,” however, this is purely an economic phrase (hence, Australia is referred to as “down under” but is not considered a member of the South).

As a result, there are numerous theories about which countries are part of the Global South and which countries are part of the Global North, as there are no strict criteria for what constitutes the Global South (as opposed to the World Bank’s very specific guidelines for what is or is not a low-income economy).




As a final point, the name “South” might be taken as meaning that “South” is identical to “poor,” a relationship that many people consider both callous and untrue.

What do we mean when we talk about the global South?

There are several ways to describe the Global South. In the past, the term “Global South” was used to refer to less developed or economically disadvantaged countries.

These nations have fragile democracies, are amid industrialization, and have been often colonized by the Global North (especially by European countries).

According to the second concept, those in the Global South are those who capitalism’s expansion over the world has adversely impacted. According to any of these definitions, Global South is not the same as geographically Southern.

Many experts, however, prefer to use the phrases “developing nations” or “low-income economies” to avoid confusion, inaccuracy, and even insult.




Using the phrase “Global South” Has Many Advantages.

Many of the nations that make up the Global South now have a common identity due to the term’s widespread usage.

As a result of this unity, the United Nations’ South-South Cooperation, a coalition of nations from the Global South, has been formed to address poverty, population growth, and illness.

Self-sufficiency, technical advancement, and participation in the global economy are some of the benefits of participating in the SSC.

The SSC’s work in China is one of the greatest examples. While the United Nations hail China as an example of development success, it has risen to prominence much beyond most Western nations. It is now one of the world’s most important economic players.

Also See: Gini Coefficient by Country 2022

This is a list of countries in the South (United Nations)

An authoritative list of the world’s “Global South” nations is maintained by United Nations Finance Center for South-South Cooperation. As of early 2022, there are 78 nations on the list, known as the “Group of 77 and China,” including the United States.




AfghanistanAlgeriaAngola
Antigua and BarbudaArgentinaBahamas
BahrainBangladeshBarbados
BelizeBeninBhutan
BoliviaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswana
BrazilBrunei DarussalamBurkina Faso
BurundiCabo Verde/Cape VerdeCambodia
Central African RepublicChadChile
ChinaColombiaComoros
Congo (Dem. Rep.)Congo (Republic of)Costa Rica
Côte d’Ivoire/Ivory CoastCubaDjibouti
DominicaDominican RepublicEcuador
EgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial Guinea
EritreaEswatiniEthiopia
FijiGabonGambia
GhanaGrenadaGuatemala
GuineaGuinea-BisseauGuyana
HaitiHondurasIndia
IndonesiaIranIraq
JamaicaJordanKenya
KiribatiKuwaitLaos
LebanonLesothoLiberia
LibyaMadagascarMalawi
MalaysiaMaldivesMali
Marshall IslandsMauritaniaMauritius
MicronesiaMongoliaMorocco
MozambiqueMyanmarNamibia
NauruNepalNicaragua
NigerNigeriaNorth Korea
OmanPakistanPalestine (limited recognition)
PanamaPapua New GuineaParaguay
PeruPhilippinesQatar
RwandaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint Lucia
Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSão Tomé and Príncipe
Saudi ArabiaSenegalSeychelles
Sierra LeoneSingaporeSolomon Islands
SomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Sudan
Sri LankaSudanSuriname
SyriaTajikstanTanzania
ThailandTimor-LesteTogo
TongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisia
TurkmenistanUgandaUnited Arab Emirates
UruguayVanuatuVenezuela
VietnamYemenZambia
Zimbabwe




CountryGlobal South Nation? (United Nations FCFSSC)
Naurutrue
Saint Kitts and Nevistrue
Marshall Islandstrue
Dominicatrue
Seychellestrue
Antigua and Barbudatrue
Tongatrue
Saint Vincent and the Grenadinestrue
Grenadatrue
Micronesiatrue
Kiribatitrue
Saint Luciatrue
Samoatrue
Sao Tome and Principetrue
Barbadostrue
Vanuatutrue
Bahamastrue
Belizetrue
Bruneitrue
Maldivestrue
Cape Verdetrue
Surinametrue
Solomon Islandstrue
Bhutantrue
Guyanatrue
Comorostrue
Fijitrue
Djiboutitrue
Eswatinitrue
Mauritiustrue
Timor-Lestetrue
Trinidad and Tobagotrue
Equatorial Guineatrue
Bahraintrue
Guinea-Bissautrue
Lesothotrue
Gabontrue
Botswanatrue
Gambiatrue
Namibiatrue
Qatartrue
Jamaicatrue
Bosnia and Herzegovinatrue
Mongoliatrue
Uruguaytrue
Eritreatrue
Kuwaittrue
Panamatrue
Mauritaniatrue
Central African Republictrue
Costa Ricatrue
Liberiatrue
Omantrue
Palestinetrue
Republic of the Congotrue
Singaporetrue
Turkmenistantrue
El Salvadortrue
Lebanontrue
Nicaraguatrue
Libyatrue
Paraguaytrue
Laostrue
Sierra Leonetrue
Togotrue
Papua New Guineatrue
Tajikistantrue
United Arab Emiratestrue
Hondurastrue
Jordantrue
Dominican Republictrue
Cubatrue
South Sudantrue
Haititrue
Boliviatrue
Tunisiatrue
Burunditrue
Benintrue
Rwandatrue
Guineatrue
Zimbabwetrue
Somaliatrue
Cambodiatrue
Chadtrue
Senegaltrue
Ecuadortrue
Guatemalatrue
Chiletrue
Syriatrue
Zambiatrue
Malawitrue
Malitrue
Sri Lankatrue
Burkina Fasotrue
North Koreatrue
Nigertrue
Ivory Coasttrue
Cameroontrue
Madagascartrue
Venezuelatrue
Nepaltrue
Yementrue
Ghanatrue
Mozambiquetrue
Malaysiatrue
Perutrue
Angolatrue
Saudi Arabiatrue
Moroccotrue
Afghanistantrue
Iraqtrue
Algeriatrue
Sudantrue
Argentinatrue
Ugandatrue
Colombiatrue
Myanmartrue
Kenyatrue
South Africatrue
Tanzaniatrue
Thailandtrue
Irantrue
DR Congotrue
Vietnamtrue
Egypttrue
Philippinestrue
Ethiopiatrue
Bangladeshtrue
Braziltrue
Nigeriatrue
Pakistantrue
Indonesiatrue
Indiatrue
Chinatrue
Vatican Cityfalse
Tuvalufalse
Palaufalse
San Marinofalse
Liechtensteinfalse
Monacofalse
Andorrafalse
Icelandfalse
Maltafalse
Montenegrofalse
Luxembourgfalse
Cyprusfalse
Estoniafalse
Latviafalse
Sloveniafalse
North Macedoniafalse
Lithuaniafalse
Albaniafalse
Armeniafalse
Georgiafalse
Moldovafalse
Croatiafalse
New Zealandfalse
Irelandfalse
Slovakiafalse
Norwayfalse
Finlandfalse
Denmarkfalse
Kyrgyzstanfalse
Bulgariafalse
Serbiafalse
Switzerlandfalse
Israelfalse
Austriafalse
Belarusfalse
Hungaryfalse
Portugalfalse
Swedenfalse
Azerbaijanfalse
Greecefalse
Czech Republicfalse
Belgiumfalse
Netherlandsfalse
Romaniafalse
Kazakhstanfalse
Australiafalse
Uzbekistanfalse
Polandfalse
Canadafalse
Ukrainefalse
Spainfalse
South Koreafalse
Italyfalse
Francefalse
United Kingdomfalse
Germanyfalse
Turkeyfalse
Japanfalse
Mexicofalse
Russiafalse
United Statesfalse




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