When it comes to human decency and respect, gender equality, or the idea that everyone should be treated equally, is an important problem.
In the opinion of many experts, gender equality is not just a cultural obligation but also a vital feature of the healthiest and most optimal economies in all areas, including education, employment, health care, politics, and economic engagement.
If half of a country’s population cannot participate fully in the economy, sustainable development objectives and other economic benchmarks are generally impossible to achieve.
Many governments are developing programs to achieve gender equality by fostering talent development, broadening the pool of potential leaders, and assisting families and caregivers of both sexes.
Gender Gap Index for the Year 2021 Around the World
Global Gender Gap Index is compiled by the World Economic Forum every year and released by the World Economic Forum. the lowest level of gender equality conceivable) and 1.00 (the highest possible level of gender equality).
This report examines how countries differ in four crucial areas: economic participation and opportunity, educational attainment, health and survival, and political empowerment (100 percent, the highest possible gender equality).
Each country’s analysis is meant to serve as a foundation for developing effective actions aimed at minimizing gender disparities. One hundred fifty-six nations and territories were analyzed in the Global Gender Gap Index’s 2021 edition.
Gender Equality in the World’s Top 10 Countries (2021 World Economic Forum)
- Iceland — 89.2%
- Finland — 86.1%
- Norway — 84.9%
- New Zealand — 84.0%
- Sweden — 82.3%
- Namibia — 80.9%
- Rwanda — 80.5%
- Lithuania — 80.4%
- Ireland — 80.0%
- Switzerland — 79.8%
Four Nordic countries—Iceland, Norway, Finland, and Sweden—as well as their European neighbours Ireland, Switzerland, and Lithuania (the lone Eastern European country) and New Zealand in the Asia-Pacific region, as well as Rwanda and Namibia in Sub-Saharan Africa, round out the top ten countries for gender equality.
An increase of more than a full percentage point put Iceland back on top for the 12th year.
As the COVID-19 epidemic spread across the world in 2020, the worldwide gender parity rate dropped from 68.6 per cent to 68.0 per cent, according to the 2021 report.
The World Economic Forum (WEF) estimates that it will take 135.6 years to overcome the global gender gap based on current trends. According to recent figures, 81 nations have never had a female head of state, and the political empowerment gap between men and women has grown by 2.4%.
Economic Participation and Opportunity are the second-largest disparity. A minor rise in the number of women in skilled professions and income equality were encouraging achievements.
However, major wage differences and an imbalance in the number of women in leadership positions remained. As a consequence of the epidemic, women seem to have been more likely to lose their occupations and take longer to reclaim them after the influenza-related limitations were repealed.
Gender disparities in educational attainment and health and survival have been closed in 37 nations, bringing the worldwide average down to 95%.
These numbers are positive, but the study cautions that both seem to have stopped, with the last few percentage points being just out of reach. Globally, gender parity differs greatly as well.
Countries with the Most and Least Gender Parity in the World
|3||Latin America & Caribbean||71.2%|
|4||Eastern Europe & Central Asia||71.1%|
|5||East Asia and Pacific||68.9%|
|8||Middle East & North Africa||60.9%|
The 10 countries with the widest gender disparities:
- Afghanistan — 44.4%
- Yemen — 49.2%
- Iraq — 53.5%
- Pakistan — 55.6%
- Syria — 56.8%
- DR Congo — 57.6%
- Iran — 58.2%
- Mali — 59.1%
- Chad — 59.3%
- Saudi Arabia — 60.3%
Both Afghanistan and Mali are new to the bottom 10 nations on the list. The last eight players are those who previously appeared in the index.
Both Oman (GEI increased from 60.2% to 60.8%) and Lebanon (GEI increased from 59.9% to 63.8%) have moved up from the bottom of the list. Women still have few political and economic options in many countries, notably in the Middle East and Africa.
|Saint Pierre and Miquelon||5.7590|
|Wallis and Futuna||10.9820|
|British Virgin Islands||30.5960|
|Turks and Caicos Islands||39.7410|
|Saint Kitts and Nevis||53.8710|
|Northern Mariana Islands||58.2690|
|Isle of Man||85.7320|
|Antigua and Barbuda||99.5090|
|United States Virgin Islands||103.9710|
|Saint Vincent and the Grenadines||111.5510|
|Sao Tome and Principe||227.6790|
|Trinidad and Tobago||1406.5850|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||3249.3170|
|Central African Republic||5016.6780|
|Republic of the Congo||5797.8050|
|Papua New Guinea||9292.1690|
|United Arab Emirates||10081.7850|
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