The DACH area includes three Central European countries: Austria, Germany, and the Czech Republic. DACH stands for Germany, Austria, and the Confoederatio Helvetica (official Latin name for Switzerland).
Germany is a country in Central Europe and is referred to as the Federal Republic of Germany. The Alps are to the south, while the North and Baltic Seas are to the north. There are 16 states in Germany, and the total area is 357,022 km2 or 137,847 square miles.
Northern Denmark, Austria, and Switzerland, to the south, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Luxembourg, France, Belgium, and the Netherlands to the west form the country’s boundaries.
Berlin is the country’s capital and the country’s biggest city. 83,783,942 people live in Germany, Europe’s second most populated nation after Russia and the largest EU member state. Germany is also the world’s sixteenth most populous country.
In Germany, 9.389 births for every 1,000 people, but 11.510 deaths for every 1,000. 81 years was the German life expectancy in 2020. Germans, on average, are 47.4 years old, which places them third in the world.
The Human Development Index places Germany as a developed nation at a high point of 0.939.
As a landlocked nation in Central Europe, Austria is known as the Republic of Austria by its official name. As a country, Austria has a boundary with the Czech Republic on its north side, Italy on its south, Slovakia on its northeastern side, and Liechtenstein and Switzerland on its west.
It has a total land area of 83,879 square kilometers, which equates to 32,386 square miles, and is divided across nine federal states. Vienna, the country’s capital and biggest city, is both.
Although Germany is Austria’s official language, many of the country’s approximately 9,006,398 residents speak various Bavarian dialects. 9.940 people are born in Austria every 1,000, and 9.941 people die in Austria every 1,000.
According to the Austrian government, the average life expectancy is 81.9 years. Austria has a Human Development Index score of 0.914, making it one of the most developed countries in the world.
Switzerland (Confœderatio Helvetica)
As the landlocked nation of Switzerland, it sits at the meeting point of Europe’s Central, Western, and Southern hemispheres. There are four countries in Switzerland’s immediate vicinity: Germany, Italy (to the west), Liechtenstein and Austria (to the east), and France.
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Bern serves as the capital of a federal republic with 26 cantons. The Alps, the Swiss Plateau, and the Jura make up Switzerland’s 41,285 square miles or 15,940 square kilometers. Bern is the capital city of Switzerland.
An estimated 8,722,198 individuals call Switzerland home. The country’s current birth and mortality rates are 10.177 and 8.1 per 1,000 inhabitants. Switzerland has a life expectancy of 83.97 years.
In Switzerland, the average age of the population is 42.5 years. Switzerland has a Human Development Index of 0.946, placing it second only to Norway among industrialized countries.
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