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Most missions have been launched from Earth by the United States of America. It’s the second nation to send people into space after the United States of America. The Mercury Program’s maiden space mission for the Soviet Union.
The initiative ran for five years and cost the federal government around $277 million. America’s most well-known space mission was the Apollo, budgeted at $20.4 billion and expected to last for 15 years.
Russian (Soviet Union)
For the first time in history, Russia launched a space mission and sent people into space. Vostok was Russia’s first mission into space.
The Russian government spent $2.4 billion in 2009 on official space programs. According to their 2013 planned space budget, the government spent $3.8 billion in 2011 and $5.6 billion in 2013.
China’s space program is overseen by the China National Space Administration (CNSA). After the United States and Russia, China is the third nation to sell individuals into space independently.
One of China’s earliest communication satellites, Dong Fang Hong – I, was launched in 1970. There have been several successful Chinese space missions throughout the years. China now holds the position of the world’s third-largest space power.
An institution devoted to investigating the Earth’s natural resources was established by the European Space Agency (ESA) in Paris in 1975.
Human spaceflights and other crewless trips to distant planets are part of the country’s space program. The European Space Agency (ESA) spent almost $5.3 billion in 2012 on its space missions.
The Physical Research Laboratory (PRL) is a government-funded research agency that focuses on space and related subjects.
The institution has made India one of the world’s most prominent nations in space presence. The most significant accomplishment of the nation was the 1980 launch of its first satellite into orbit.
Ariel 1 was the first satellite launched by the UK in 1962. The United Kingdom Space Agency (UKSA) was created in April 2010. (UKSA). Government policy and space budgeting are now in the hands of the space agency. The United Kingdom also provides most of the financing for the European Space Agency (ESA).
Japan is a prominent space power in Asia. The Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) is in charge of Japan’s national aerospace research and development (JAXA).
As of February 1970, Japan has become the fourth nation to successfully launch a satellite into space with the launch of Osumi. Earth observation and communication satellites are now in use by the agency.
The Korean Peninsula
The Korean Aerospace Research Institute in South Korea’s space agency (KARI). The nation has carried out a total of three space missions.
The first one, the Naro-1, was dispatched off of the planet three times. The most successful of their three launches was their third. The total cost of the three launches was $450 million.
Since 2005, Iran has started launching satellites and space trips. A $15 million joint Iranian-Russian effort, Sinah-1, was their maiden launch. Iran launched the Long March 2C satellite, which cost them $6.5 million, in partnership with China and Thailand in 2008.
The Israel Space Agency oversees Israel’s space activities. One of the oldest and largest space agencies in the United States, NASA was created in 1883. The Israel Space Agency has a budget of $70 million for space exploration per year.
In 1962, Canada successfully launched Alouette 1, the country’s first satellite. The Canadian Space Agency is in charge of the country’s space program (CSA). Earth observation and communications satellites are now in use by Canada.
Until 1969, Germany’s first satellite, the Azur, was successfully launched into orbit. ESA and EOMET (European Organization for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites) are supported by Germany’s space program, run by the German Aerospace Center (EUMETSAT).
The government has launched satellites for navigation, telecommunications, and Earth observation in the past.
Luxembourg’s Space Agency manages our country’s manned and unmanned space activities. The nation is one of the world’s leading space explorers, operating several satellites for remote sensing and communication.
SES and Intelsat, two of the world’s largest satellite communications companies, have their global headquarters in Luxembourg.
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