Council of Europe Countries | Countries on the Council of Europe 2022

The Council of Europe (CoE), founded in 1949 and based in Strasbourg, France, is an international organization that promotes human rights, democracy, and the rule of law. Free speech, assembly, press freedom, and racial and religious equality are all core principles of the Council of Europe.

Its many goals include ensuring the protection of minorities and children and combating widespread social ills, including corruption, terrorism, racism, and domestic abuse.

Countries in the Council of Europe do not use the death penalty to deter crime. The Council of Europe (CoE) contains all of the EU’s 27 members, although they are separate organizations (EU). As a historical truth, no nation has ever entered the European Union without first joining the Council of Europe.

The expulsion of Russia from the Council of Europe

The Council of Europe has 47 members and six non-member observers at the beginning of 2022. However, Russia invaded Ukraine on February 24, 2022.

The next day, on February 25, the Council of Europe suspended Russia’s membership because the country’s conduct violated the CoE’s humanitarian norms.

Since then, Russia has said it would no longer participate in the Council of Europe. On the other hand, the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe decided that day to end Russia’s participation in the organization without further delay.

Also See: Countries Not in the United Nations 2022

On February 28, 1996, Russia became a member of the Council of Europe.

Countries on the Council of Europe

CountryDate JoinedCountryDate JoinedCountryDate Joined
Albania13 July 1995Greece09 Aug. 1949Netherlands05 May 1949
Andorra10 Nov 1994Holy See (observer)07 Mar 1970North Macedonia09 Nov 1995
Armenia25 Jan 2001Hungary06 Nov 1990Norway05 May 1949
Austria16 Apr 1956Iceland07 Mar 1950Poland26 Nov 1991
Azerbaijan25 Jan 2001Ireland05 May 1949Portugal22 Sep 1976
Belgium05 May 1949Israel (observer)02 Dec 1957Romania07 Oct 1993
Bosnia and Herzegovina24 Apr 2002Italy05 May 1949San Marino16 Nov 1988
Bulgaria07 May 1992Japan (observer)20 Nov 1996Serbia03 Apr 2003
Canada (observer)03 Apr 1996Latvia10 Feb 1995Slovakia30 Jun 1993
Croatia06 Nov 1996Liechtenstein23 Nov 1978Slovenia14 May 1993
Cyprus24 May 1961Lithuania14 May 1993Spain24 Nov 1977
Czech Republic30 Jun 1993Luxembourg05 May 1949Sweden05 May 1949
Denmark05 May 1949Malta29 Apr 1949Switzerland06 May 1963
Estonia14 May 1993Mexico (observer)01 Dec 1999Turkey13 Apr 1950
Finland05 May 1989Monaco05 Oct 2004Ukraine09 Nov 1995
France05 May 1949Montenegro11 May 2007United Kingdom05 May 1949
Georgia27 Apr 1999Moldova13 Jul 1995United States (observer)07 Dec 1995
Germany13 Jul 1950

CountryMembershipJoin Date2022 Population
AlbaniaFull13 July 19952842.3210
AndorraFull10 November 199479.8240
ArmeniaFull25 January 20012780.4690
AustriaFull16 April 19568939.6170
AzerbaijanFull25 January 200110358.0740
BelgiumFull5 May 194911655.9300
Bosnia and HerzegovinaFull24 April 20023233.5260
BulgariaFull7 May 19926781.9530
CanadaNon-Member Observer3 April 199638454.3270
CroatiaFull6 November 19964030.3580
CyprusFull24 May 19611251.4880
Czech RepublicFull30 June 199310493.9860
DenmarkFull5 May 19495882.2610
EstoniaFull14 May 19931326.0620
FinlandFull5 May 19895540.7450
FranceFull5 May 194964626.6280
GeorgiaFull27 April 19993744.3850
GermanyFull13 July 195083369.8430
GreeceFull9 August 194910384.9710
HungaryFull6 November 19909967.3080
IcelandFull7 March 1950372.8990
IrelandFull5 May 19495023.1090
IsraelNon-Member Observer2 December 19579038.3090
ItalyFull5 May 194959037.4740
JapanNon-Member Observer20 November 1996123951.6920
LatviaFull10 February 19951850.6510
LiechtensteinFull23 November 197839.3270
LithuaniaFull14 May 19932750.0550
LuxembourgFull5 May 1949647.5990
MaltaFull29 April 1965533.2860
MexicoNon-Member Observer1 December 1999127504.1250
MoldovaFull13 July 19953272.9960
MonacoFull5 October 200436.4690
MontenegroFull11 May 2007627.0820
NetherlandsFull5 May 194917564.0140
North MacedoniaFull9 November 19952093.5990
NorwayFull5 May 19495434.3190
PolandFull26 November 199139857.1450
PortugalFull22 September 197610270.8650
RomaniaFull7 October 199319659.2670
San MarinoFull16 November 198833.6600
SerbiaFull3 April 20037221.3650
SlovakiaFull30 June 19935643.4530
SloveniaFull14 May 19932119.8440
SpainFull24 November 197747558.6300
SwedenFull5 May 194910549.3470
SwitzerlandFull6 May 19638740.4720
TurkeyFull13 April 195085341.2410
UkraineFull9 November 199539701.7390
United KingdomFull5 May 194967508.9360
United StatesNon-Member Observer7 December 1995338289.8570
Vatican CityNon-Member Observer7 March 19700.5100

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