Capitalist class profiting at the cost of the working class is no longer acceptable under communism, a political, social, philosophical, and economic philosophy aimed at equilibrating these two sections of society.
This goal can only be achieved by eschewing capitalism’s private ownership of manufacturing assets (manufacturers, factories, and suppliers) and profit motives.
Communism instead uses a system where the property is owned by the whole population (i.e., the government) when it comes to the economy.
Assuming all goes according to plan, the government should be able to ensure an equal distribution of wealth and resources. However, finding such a balance has proved more difficult in the real world.
People in most Western countries, particularly those with capitalist democracies like those in Europe and the Americas, reject communism because they believe it leads to an intrusive, authoritarian state that severely restricts its residents’ personal and financial liberties.
Is there any country now under a communist government that wasn’t previously? You may be surprised by the response.
Table of Contents
As of 2021, below is a complete list of every communist country globally.
- Laos (Lao People’s Democratic Republic)
- North Korea
The People’s Republic of China is one of the last bastions of Communist rule globally. The People’s Republic of China is governed by the Communist Party of China, founded, and is the only political party in the country.
There are four communist nations left in the world except for the United States and China. According to the country’s 1980 third constitution, the Communist Party was the only political force capable of representing the people and leading them.
Communism is still in place in Cuba. In the Cuban constitution, the Communist Party of Cuba is the “leading force of society of the state,” a position it has held since 1959.
According to Marxism-Leninism and the Soviet model, the Communist Party of Cuba follows more firmly than other communist parties.
The Lao People’s Democratic Republic, officially known as the Lao PDR, is one of the world’s last communist states. The single political party in Laos is the Lao People’s Revolutionary Party, headed by Bounnhang Vorachith, the country’s president.
North Korea is sometimes a Communist nation, although it rejects this label. People’s democracy in North Korea is a “dictatorship of the people.”
All references to Marxism-Leninism were removed from North Korea’s constitution when the Soviet Union fell. In 2009, the North Korean constitution was completely cleaned of any mention of communism.
In 1970, the Khmer Rouge seized control of Cambodia and established a communist state. With a king as head of state and a prime minister as head of the government, Cambodia became a constitutional monarchy in 1993.
How would you describe Russia as a communist nation?
Russia is technically a “multi-party representative democracy” at this point.
There is disagreement among historians about whether Russia’s previous state, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), was run by communists, socialists, or even a kind of capitalism known as “state capitalism.”
A republican administration and a democratic, federative state were recognized in Russia’s constitution of 1993. Vladimir Putin is Russia’s current president, and he is the most powerful member of the country’s two-man executive.
The present administration’s history of imprisoning (or killing) political adversaries, banning a free press, and modifying the constitution to allow Putin to continue in power until 2036 would make few contend that Russia is a free democracy.
When comparing capitalism with communism, what are the key differences? The most significant change is in the economy.
Individuals own and run businesses under a capitalist system, which promotes free commerce and the production of goods and services for the owners and operators themselves. There is a disparity in the distribution of wealth. To make money, everyone must work for himself.
Communism, in contrast to capitalism, forbids the private ownership of businesses or industries. On the other hand, profitable businesses are owned by the whole community as a whole (in practice, this means the government).
It is the same as in capitalism, except under communism, the earnings are shared equally among all people since everyone owns them. Equal rights and opportunities are given to all persons in this society, which is egalitarian.
The hypothesis goes like this: As previously said, capitalist components are difficult to eliminate in real-world applications, and profit distribution is less equal.
Second, the extent of government control is a major distinction between capitalism and communism. Capitalism wants a democratic system wherein the government has minimal control over an individual’s personal and economic liberties.
On the other side, communism advocates a totalitarian state that controls every element of life, from the cost of commodities to the amount of money people make. This is a major reason why the West is so opposed to communism.
Marx and Engels: The Roots of Communism
There is only one party governing a communist nation, and all decisions are based on Karl Marx and Vladimir Lenin, two intellectuals who lived in the nineteenth century, respectively.
Capitalism as a socialist movement
On May 5, 1818, Karl Marx was born. A native of Germany, Marx developed an interest in philosophy and economics and a strong interest in the history of journalism, political theory, and revolutions.
Marxism is the philosophy that he developed. Marxism is fundamentally a proponent of an economy’s working class.
There is a lot of focus on the disparities between classes and how certain differences influence how society functions.
Karl Marx considered capitalism a major cause of many ills, such as decreased salaries for workers, more selfishness and greed, and an ever-present focus on production in capitalist countries.
The political agenda that communism supports is considered a sort of socialism when seen from the Marxist viewpoint. How communism takes hold in a nation is explained by Marx’s two stages, which he identified. Karl Marx characterized capitalism and socialism as the two stages.
This two-step process, according to Marx, should lead to a society governed by communist beliefs. Still, he argued that countries must first grasp capitalism to reach the exalted level that comes with communism.
For instance, if a society does not already have a firmly entrenched concept that individuals should be rewarded according to the quality and amount of their labor, then too many people would behave selfishly and pursue success about themselves at the cost of everyone else.
The second phase of communism may be achieved when all people have the same aim of equality, and there is no longer any need for class distinctions or governance.
Vladimir Vladimirovich Lenin
Following in the footsteps of Karl Marx, Vladimir Lenin created political ideas based on his observations of the world’s current condition of affairs. The ideology of Lenin and Marx were not identical, yet they were both anchored in communism and had many similarities.
Socialism can only be accomplished when the working class achieves a degree of political awareness that government officials refuse to acknowledge. According to Leninist theory, people can only overturn the government if they understand how it operates.
This project’s goal is to get into the brains of government officials, find out how they work, and design strategies to dismantle their authority.
Also See: Communist Countries 2022
Combining Marxism with Leninism
Marxism and Leninism, as political ideologies, reject private property and a profit-driven economy in favor of public ownership and a system of shared profits. Communism also entails communal control over natural resources and manufacturing technologies.
A few examples: unfettered access to mills, industries, and mines. As communist as the Soviet Union’s economy may have been, it was also inefficient, which contributed to the nation’s break up into 15 smaller states early on in the 1990s (a notion that is strongly connected to state capitalism).
Countries that were members of the USSR before it disbanded:
For the most part, Russia is seen as the successor of the Soviet Union, and it has taken over the previous country’s political appointments, debt, and territory.
Many European nations formed alliances after World War II based on the ideas they supported, which led to the rise of communism in many countries. The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) was formed by nations that backed democratic capitalism (NATO).
Another group of people backed communist ideology (or were under Soviet influence) and formed the Eastern Bloc, a Soviet-controlled organization.
- Czechoslovakia (now the Czech Republic and Slovakia)
- East Germany
- Soviet Union
Cuba, Vietnam, Ethiopia, Angola, and North Korea would join the Eastern Bloc in the years to come.
Other nations that were formerly communist in Asia, the Middle East, or Africa include the following:
- The Democratic Republic of Congo
There will be no Freestar Communist countries in 2022, according to reports.