Two groupings of nations fought each other during World War II. It was the Allies who stood in opposition to the Axis Powers during World War II.
A friendship agreement between Germany and Italy was signed in 1936, marking the beginning of this partnership.
Benito Mussolini, the Italian dictator, created the word “axis” after ratifying the Pact. Japan and Germany signed an anti-Communism pact the same year.
In 1939, Germany and Italy signed the Pact of Steel, further cementing their partnership. The tripartite Pact was later renamed once Japan ratified the Pact in the next year. The Axis Powers were formed due to the signing of this Pact by Germany, Italy, and Japan.
Many parts of Africa, Europe, and Southeast Asia were under the control of these nations during World War II. A dictator reigned over each of the Axis countries. Adolf Hitler served as Chancellor of Germany before becoming Fuhrer.
Mussolini was the dictator of Italy. Emperor Hirohito governed Japan until 1989, when his son, Crown Prince Akihito, succeeded him.
In addition to the Axis Powers, the alliance included additional nations. These countries are:
Also See: Allies During WWII 2022
Hungary signed the Tripartite Pact, the only country to do so. Despite its refusal to ratify the Pact, Finland engaged in military action against Russia. By the conclusion of the war, Bulgaria and Romania had switched allegiances from the Axis to the Allies.