This anti-authoritarian political theory is called anarchism because it believes that government is useless and limiting and should be replaced with a self-governed, self-management society.
A society without a governing body or authorities and the turmoil and confusion that might ensue in the absence of a controlling authority or power is called anarchy.
A stateless society is another term for anarchist nations. Anarchists advocate for anarchy, whereas statists favor a government, regardless of ideology (liberal, conservative, democratic, communist, etc.).
Anarchy conjures images of riots, looting, mayhem, and bloodshed in the streets to most Westerners. On the other hand, political anarchy can potentially be a force for good.
Anti-abusive regimes have been overthrown or prevented from taking advantage of their population in anarchist communities. Anarchism played a significant role during the Spanish Civil War and the late-nineteenth-century labor movement.
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An overview of anarchy’s history
Anarchism has been around for millennia. Because there were no formal hierarchies in ancient society, some anthropologists considered them anarchists. For the first time, thinkers from ancient Greece and China questioned the need for the state and advocated for human freedom and self-determination.
French socialist Pierre-Joseph Proudhon is often regarded as the first anarchist to openly declare his beliefs.
Proudhon authored articles and pamphlets arguing that a society’s rules have nothing to do with authority and instead derive from the character of society itself, beginning with What is Property? in 1840 and continuing until the mid-1860s.
In Proudhon’s view, the authority would gradually dissipate, and social order would arise. As a response to capitalism, anarchism grew rapidly between 1870 and 1940, thanks partly to the advent of industry, modernism, and large-scale population movements.
In the wake of World War II, anarchism faded into obscurity but reappeared in the 1960s.
What countries are called anarchies in the present world?
There will be no anarchist nations left by the year 2022, according to current estimates. In Somalia, the Transitional National Government was founded in 2006 after a period of anarchy that lasted from 1991 to 2006.
The nation of Somalia was divided and dominated by rival group leaders during this time, and substantial portions of the country were managed as independent provinces.
A federal parliamentary republic, Somalia has a President and Prime Minister today.
Anarchism is not practiced by whole nations, although there are several smaller civilizations across the globe. Anarchist organizations and the years they were founded may be found in the following list:
- Sarvodaya Shramadana Movement (1958)
- Freetown Christiania (1971)
- Exarcheia (1973)
- Federation of Neighborhood Councils- El Alto (1979)
- Marinaleda (1979)
- Popular Indigenous Council of Oaxaca (1980s)
- Puerto Real (1987)
- Spezzano Albanese (1992)
- Rebel Zapatista Autonomous Municipalities (1994)
- Barcelona’s Squatters Movement (2000)
- Dignity Village (2000)
- Barbacha (2001)
- Aabahlali baseMjonodolo (2005)
- Zaachila (2006)
- Exarchia (2008)
- Zone to Defend (2009)
- Cherán (2011)
- Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria/Rojava (2014)
The Sarvodaya Shramadana Organisation, founded in Sri Lanka’s 15,000 villages in 1958 and still functioning today, is the world’s oldest anarchist movement. It all begins with a village’s request to get together and talk about needs and build a game plan for self-governance.
Ongoing efforts include creating a village government, building schools and clinics, establishing a bank, and sponsoring public meditations where thousands of Hindus, Buddhists, and Muslims gather to meditate together in harmony.
Also See: Submarines by Country 2022