The United Kingdom
Non-Schengen European nations like the United Kingdom are among the largest and most powerful in the world. As indicated by the United Kingdom’s recent withdrawal from the European Union, continental Europe has been moving away from the United Kingdom for some time.
Schengen membership is a goal for British citizens, who believe the UK has to re-establish its strong relations with continental Europe. There is a good chance that the nation will not join the Schengen Zone shortly because of its ongoing EU withdrawal process.
For decades, Cyprus has been torn apart by civil war. The island of Cyprus is divided between Greeks and Turks. Even though Cyprus profess to be an independent state, Turkey controls the island’s northern half.
The world community (excluding Turkey) views the unlawful occupation of northern Cyprus as a violation of international law.
In addition to not being a Schengen member, Belarus is well-known for its tight connections with Russia. Because of this, it comes as no surprise that Belarus does not belong to the Schengen Area.
Many former Soviet nations, including Belarus, have strained ties with most Schengen members.
Russia is a massive nation that may be found in Europe and Asia, depending on your perspective. Despite its geographical location in Europe, it has no historical links to the Schengen nations of Central and Western Europe.
During the Soviet era, this only became worse. With the collapse of the Soviet Union, Russia aligned itself with Belarus. It’s very uncommon for Russia and these former Soviet republics to have agreements that make border crossings easier, much like the Schengen accord.
There must be border security contributions from every nation participating in the Schengen Agreement. Although Ukraine has shown an interest in joining the Schengen area, it is impossible to do so due to its porous border with Russia.
Also See: Neutral Countries 2022
On the other hand, many Ukrainians have a stronger connection to Russia than to the Schengen nations.
Organized crime is a major issue in Albania. In the Albanian mafia world, persons, narcotics, guns, and stolen commodities are routinely smuggled over the country’s borders. Albania cannot join the Schengen Zone because the government lacks control over its borders.