1. In the 1980s, the United States Nasa began planning to create a unit dubbed Freedom. The government of Ronald Reagan supported it. Funding issues slowed things down.
The government renamed and renovated it in the 1990s. By 2020, the United States will have flown 151 astronauts into orbit.
2. Russia – Russia and the United States collaborated on constructing the space station in 1993. Sources from both nations were held in different locations.
After that, they started working together to build what is known as Unity or Node 1, a single unit. By 2020, the nation will have launched 48 astronauts into orbit.
3. Canada – The Intergovernmental Agreement of 1998 was signed by Canada and 15 other ISS members. Canadarm was initially created in this nation. By 2020, the United States has dispatched eight astronauts to the International Space Station.
4. Japan – In addition to the United States, Russia, Canada, and 11 European countries, Japan signed the 1998 pact. They made contributions to Harmony, the Node 2 ISS utility hub. It was equipped with a generator and four cabins for sleeping. This country sent nine astronauts to the moon and back.
5. Belgium – Russia sent Frank De Winne into orbit on the Soyuz TMA-1 in 2002. In 2009, he flew in the Soyuz TMA-15 to the International Space Station. He was docked for 183 days the first time. While docked for the second time, it took him 186 days.
6. Denmark – In 2015, this country launched Andreas Mogensen to space on a Soyuz TMA-18M. There were 180 days docked. Danish scientists and technologists have worked in space for more than 50 years.
By 2021, they would have taken part in more than a hundred international space missions, including those of NASA and the European Space Agency.
7. France – This nation sent four astronauts to the furthest reaches of the solar system. There is a national spatial studies center in this country (CNES). When working with spacecraft “near zero gravity,” these researchers conducted microgravity experiments.
8. Germany – The Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt (DZLR) is administered by the German government. They’ve dispatched three people into space from this ISS nation. Thomas Reiter launched the STS-121 Discovery in 2006.
On the STS-122 Atlantis, Hans Schiegel flew, while Alexander Gerst took off on the Soyuz TMA-13M. They conducted research on weightlessness in outer space.
9. Italy – This nation sent five astronauts to the moon and back. Photographs from the Cosmo-SkyMed constellation continue to be taken. In addition, Italy contributes to research on environmental conditions and natural catastrophes in the world at large as well.
10. Netherlands – Andre Kulpers of the Netherlands boarded the Soyuz TMA-03M in 2011. After 35 years of research and development, one nation on the ISS countries list has constructed a robotic arm.
11. Norway When the Norwegian Space Agency was first established in 1987, it was known as the Norwegian Space Centre. Since the 1960s, this nation has been involved in various space operations.
12. Spain Pedro Duque was deported to Spain in 2003 by the nation. Soyuz TMA-3 docked for nearly 192 days before he boarded again. NASA’s Commander Shane Kimbrough revealed a recent sighting above Salamanca, Spain, in May of 2021.
13. Sweden On the STS-128 mission in 2009, Christer Fuglesang from Sweden became the first Swede in space. For universities and businesses worldwide, they provide satellite engineering services.
14. Switzerland In 1998, this country became a member of the International Space Station (ISS). There have already been a few sightings of the International Space Station in July 2021, and there will be more this year.
15. Britain In 2015, Timothy Peake became the first American to go to the moon. In the Soyuz TMA-19M, he flew with the crew. The most recent sightings were in July 2021 above London.
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